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cahsee essay scoring The CAHSEE Program is closed as of October 31, 2015. If you have any inquiries regarding the CAHSEE Program, please contact the California Department of Education - High School and Physical Fitness Assessments Office by phone at 1-916-445-9449 or by how do a narrative email at essay on richard . Below are several reference documents regarding the interpretation of CAHSEE scores, organized by date of issue. Translated versions of the 2008#x2013;2009 Interpretation Guide for Summary Reports are available in the following languages: Translated versions of the 2008#x2013;2009 Interpretation Guide for the Student and Parent Report are available in the following languages: English-Language Arts Teacher Guide. Also includes introduction. Word analysis, fluency, and systematic vocabulary development strand. Reading comprehension strand. Literary response and analysis strand. How Do We Write A Narrative! Writing strategies strand. Written and oral english language conventions strand. Writing applications strand. Last Reviewed: Friday, May 20, 2016.
Beginning with the Class of 2006, students in powerpoint, California public schools were required to pass the California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE) to we write a narrative, demonstrate competency in grade-level skills in reading, writing, and mathematics to earn a high school diploma. The content of the CAHSEE was based on content standards in English-language arts and mathematics that were adopted by the State Board of Education (SBE) in 2003. In 2010, the SBE adopted the Common Core State Standards in the portrait gray questions, English#x2013;language arts and how do, mathematics. Due to the change in academic standards, Senate Bill 172 (Liu) was signed by the Governor to suspend the administration of the psychosynthesis CAHSEE and the requirement that students pass the CAHSEE to receive a high school diploma for the 2015#x2013;16, 2016#x2013;17, and how do we write essay, 2017#x2013;18 school years. The law required that schools grant a diploma to any pupil who completed grade twelve in the 2003#x2013;04 school year or a subsequent school year and met all applicable graduation requirements other than the passage of the master's thesis powerpoint high school exit examination. The law further required the State Superintendent of Public Instruction to convene an advisory panel to provide recommendations to the Superintendent on the continuation of the how do essay high school exit examination and on alternative pathways to of dorian gray essay, satisfy the high school graduation requirements pursuant to Education Code sections 51224.5 and 51225.3. The law became effective on how do a narrative January 1, 2016.
Questions and answers about the suspension of the CAHSEE. Letter from Superintendent Torlakson to provide information on the signing of Senate Bill 725. Overview of the California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE). Master's! The primary purpose of the California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE) was to significantly improve student achievement in public high schools and to ensure that students who graduated from essay public high schools demonstrated grade level competency in reading, writing, and psychosynthesis, mathematics. The CAHSEE helped identify students who were not developing skills that are essential for life after high school and we write a narrative essay, encouraged districts to give these students the attention and resources needed to help them achieve these skills during their high school years. All California public school students, except eligible students with disabilities, were required satisfy the essay CAHSEE requirement, as well as all other state and local requirements, in we write a narrative, order to receive a high school diploma. The CAHSEE requirement could be satisfied by passing the examination or, for eligible students with disabilities, meeting the exemption requirement pursuant to California Education Code (EC) Section 60852.3, or receiving a local waiver pursuant to EC Section 60851(c). The CAHSEE had two parts: English#x2013;language arts (ELA) and mathematics. The ELA part addressed state content standards through grade ten.
In reading, this included vocabulary, decoding, comprehension, and analysis of information and literary texts. In writing, this covered writing strategies, applications, and the conventions of English (e.g., grammar, spelling, and punctuation). The mathematics part of the CAHSEE addressed state standards in grades six and seven and Algebra I. The exam included statistics, data analysis and probability, number sense, measurement and geometry, mathematical reasoning, and algebra. Students were also asked to demonstrate a strong foundation in computation and arithmetic, including working with decimals, fractions, and percents. After determining that local proficiency standards, established pursuant to EC Section 51215 (repealed January 1, 2000), were generally set below a high school level and were not consistent with the state's content standards, the Legislature indicated its intent to set higher standards for high school graduation.
In proposing the CAHSEE, the Legislature's primary goal was to lust for power, . significantly improve pupil achievement in how do we write, high school and to essay, ensure that pupils who graduate from high school can demonstrate grade level competency in reading, writing, and mathematics. (Senate Bill 2, Section 1[b]). EC Section 60850 (Chapter 1, statutes of 1999-2000, S.B.2, O'Connell) authorized the CAHSEE to be developed in accordance with State Board of Education (SBE)-adopted content standards in ELA and how do we write a narrative essay, mathematics. The CAHSEE was developed based on recommendations of the High School Exit Examination Standards Panel, whose members were appointed by the State Superintendent of for power, Public Instruction and approved by the SBE. State law required that the CAHSEE be administered only on the dates designated by how do essay the State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Students were required retake the complete michel examination until the ELA and how do we write essay, mathematics parts were passed; however, students could retake only those parts not previously passed. All students were required to take the CAHSEE for the first time in grade ten. Students who did not pass one or both parts of the complete michel CAHSEE in grade ten could take the parts not passed up to two times per school year in grade eleven and up to five times per school year in grade twelve. Adult students could take the parts not passed up to three times per school year. The CAHSEE was offered for the first time in spring 2001 (March and May) to volunteer ninth graders (class of 2004). In October 2001, Assembly Bill 1609 (Calderon) removed the option for ninth graders to take the we write a narrative essay CAHSEE beginning with the 2002 administration. The CAHSEE was next administered in spring 2002 to all tenth graders who had not passed it during the spring 2001 administration.
The class of 2005 took the CAHSEE for the first time in spring 2003. In July 2003, the SBE took action to move the passage of the CAHSEE as a diploma requirement to the Class of 2006. The Class of 2006 took the CAHSEE for on richard cory the first time as tenth graders in how do we write, February 2004. In 2010, the SBE adopted the Common Core State Standards to be used as the basis for curriculum, instruction, and lust for power, assessment for California schools. We Write! #xA0;Due to the change in academic standards, Senate Bill 172 (Liu) was signed by the Governor to suspend the administration of the CAHSEE and the requirement that students pass the CAHSEE to receive a high school diploma for the 2015#x2013;16, 2016#x2013;17, and 2017#x2013;18 school years. The law required that schools grant a diploma to any pupil who completed grade twelve in the 2003#x2013;04 school year or a subsequent school year and met all applicable graduation requirements other than the passage of the high school exit examination. The law further required the psychosynthesis State Superintendent of Public Instruction to convene an advisory panel to we write, provide recommendations to the Superintendent on the continuation of the high school exit examination and on alternative pathways to satisfy the high school graduation requirements pursuant to Education Code sections 51224.5 and 51225.3. The law became effective on January 1, 2016. EC Section 60855 required the California Department of Education (CDE) to lust for power, contract for we write an independent evaluation of the CAHSEE beginning in January 2000. Each evaluation report was required to include the following: (1) an analysis of student performance, broken down by grade level, gender, race or ethnicity, and portion of the exam, including any trends that became apparent over time, (2) an analysis of the exam's effects, if any, on college attendance, pupil retention, graduation, and essay on richard, dropout rates, including an analysis of these effects on the subgroups described in (1) above, and (3) an analysis of whether the exam was likely to how do essay, have, or had, differential effects, whether beneficial or detrimental, on the subgroups described in (1) above. The evaluation reports were required to include recommendations to improve the quality, fairness, validity, and reliability of the CAHSEE.
The first report of the independent evaluation was completed and presented to the CDE, SBE, Legislature, Governor, and other control agencies on July 1, 2000. Subsequent evaluation reports were due to these same parties by February 1 of every even-numbered year. These reports are posted on the . Frequently asked questions, regulations, test blueprints, released test questions, study guides, and complete essays michel montaigne, testing accommodations for the CAHSEE. clearly addresses all parts of the how do writing task. provides a meaningful thesis, demonstrates a consistent tone and european psychosynthesis, focus, and how do essay, illustrates a purposeful control of organization. thoughtfully supports the thesis and main ideas with specific details and examples. provides a variety of sentence types and uses precise , descriptive language. demonstrates a clear sense of audience. contains few , if any errors in the conventions of the English language. (Errors are generally first-draft in on richard cory, nature) * States and maintains a position, authoritatively defends that position with precise and relevant evidence and convincingly addresses the reader#xED;s concerns, biases and how do we write a narrative essay, expectations. addresses all parts of the writing task. provides a thesis, demonstrates a consistent tone and focus, illustrates a control of organization. supports the thesis and for power essay, main ideas with details and examples. provides a variety of sentence types and uses some descriptive language. demonstrates a general sense of audience. may contain some errors in the conventions of the English language (Errors do no interfere with the readers understanding of thesis) * states and maintains a position, generally defends that position with precise and relevant evidence and addresses the readers concerns, biases, and expectations. addresses only parts of essay, writing task. may provide a thesis, demonstrates an lust essay, inconsistent tone and focus and illustrates little, if any, control of the how do we write organization. may support the thesis and main ideas with limited, if any, details and/or examples. provides a few, if any, types of essays michel, sentence types and basic predictable language. demonstrates little or no sense of audience. may contain several errors in the conventions of the a narrative English language (Errors may interfere with the readers understanding of the essay.) * Defends a position with little evidence and may address the reader#xED;s concerns, biases and expectations.
The Essay may be too short to evaluate or: Addresses only one part of the psychosynthesis writing task. May provide a weak, if any, thesis; demonstrates little or no consistence of tone and focus; and we write essay, illustrates little or no control of organization. Fails to support ideas with details and/or examples. For Power! May provide no sentence variety and uses limited vocabulary. May demonstrate no sense of we write a narrative, audience.
May contain serious errors in the convention s of the English language (Errors interfere with the reader#xED;s understanding of the types essay.) * Fails to we write, defend a position with any evidence and fails to address the reader#xED;s concerns, biases, and expectations. Essays! Find Exam administration dates, assistance packets, independent evaluation (HumRRO), and frequently asked questions. This document provides an how do we write a narrative essay, explanation of the 2014-15 CAHSEE summary results to classification essay types, the public. It also provides additional information for school and district staff to assist them in responding to questions from the we write a narrative essay public. California Department of Education.
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Each night throughout the week, the students will choose and complete at least 1 square and how do we write essay then color the box in. Friday, the students will. 3rd Grade Math Homework or 3rd Grade Math Centers. This third grade math pack includes quick math homework, or classwork/center work, aligned to all of the 3rd grade standards for the entire year! Each sheet is half a page. This homework is editable!
It comes with a PDF version and an editable version so that changes can be made if necessary. I feel homework or classwork should closely align with what is done in the classroom, so having an master's thesis powerpoint, editable version available is imperative. These sheets are focused and specific to each standard or a. 4th Grade Spiral Math Homework and how do we write a narrative essay Quizzes -- Quarter FOUR. Spiral Math Homework for 4th Grade This Common Core aligned homework and quiz pack is essay designed to how do we write, keep the key standards that your students must know constantly on their brain.
This is a spiral program consisting of lust for power essay 9 weeks of how do we write essay homework (one sheet of 10 problems for each day of the michel montaigne week Monday through Thursday). We Write A Narrative Essay. Each of the homework sheets covers a multitude of master's standards, not just one. The standards are constantly revisited over the course of the 9 weeks. There are also 9 two-page weekly. Math Homework 3rd Grade - Complete Year BUNDLE. 3rd Grade Math Homework °*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*° Are you looking for how do, a different grade? 1st Grade 2nd Grade 4th Grade 5th Grade °*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*°*° This is the COMPLETE YEAR of Spiral Math Homework for 3rd Grade -- 36 weeks (9 weeks per quarter) of spiral coverage of all 3rd Grade Common Core standards in master's thesis a fun and how do a narrative comprehensive package. My students love these homework sets, and psychosynthesis we're seeing nearly 100% completion rates--much better than ever before. I hope your. 3rd Grade Spiral Math Homework and how do Quizzes -- Quarter TWO. Spiral Math Homework for 3rd Grade This Common Core aligned homework and on richard cory quiz pack is designed to keep the how do a narrative key standards that your students must know constantly on their brain.
This is a spiral program consisting of 9 weeks of homework (one sheet of 6 - 7 problems for classification types, each day of the week Monday through Thursday). How Do We Write. Each of the homework sheets covers a multitude of standards, not just one. The standards are constantly revisited over the course of the 9 weeks. There are also 9 weekly multiple. Common Core Second Grade Language Arts and Math Homework-3rd Quarter Bundle. 3rd Quarter Math Homework / Morning Work This set contains 10 weeks of the portrait Common Core Math work that can be used for homework or morning work. Each week contains 4 days of work. We made this with the idea in mind that it could be sent home Monday and due back on Friday. How Do We Write A Narrative. There is also a Math Review Recording sheet included in the portrait of dorian gray essay case you want to have your students practice math over the weekend.
If you want to use this as morning work, your fifth day could be an assessment day. Also included is how do a narrative essay a. 3rd Grade Morning Work - 3rd Grade Math Homework. Standards-based. Sequenced. Structured. Organized. * The Grade 3 Morning Math 5-Month BUNDLE #2 includes resources for January, February, March, April, and May--115+ pages of of communication printables to help establish your morning classroom routine and provide daily, structured, spiral math practice and review. You’ll find these printables to how do, be rigorous, thoughtfully designed, CCSS-aligned, and thorough. A variety of question formats is included, to familiarize students with the standardized test. 4th Grade Math Homework - Complete Year BUNDLE.
4th Grade Math Homework This is the COMPLETE YEAR of the portrait of dorian gray questions Spiral Math Homework for 4th Grade -- 36 weeks (9 weeks per quarter) of spiral coverage of all 4th Grade Common Core standards in how do we write essay a fun and comprehensive package. My students love these homework sets, and we're seeing nearly 100% completion rates--much better than ever before. Lust For Power Essay. I hope your students will LOVE them too! ?? UNIQUE FEATURES OF THIS HOMEWORK: ?? ? The Themes -- Every week has a new theme. Why is we write this important? Because themes.
Common Core Second Grade Math Homework-1st Quarter. 1st Quarter Math Homework / Morning Work This set contains 10 weeks of Common Core Math work that can be used for homework or morning work. Each week contains 4 days of work. This is laid out as 4 half sheets, so that each week students will take home 2 pages and psychosynthesis will complete a half page each day. How Do We Write. We made this with the idea in mind that it could be sent home Monday and due back on Friday. There is lust essay also a Math Review Recording sheet included in case you want to have your students practice. First Grade Math Homework - 1st Quarter. This Math Homework for 1st graders provides a weekly spiral review of skills in Operations and Algebraic Thinking, Numbers and we write a narrative essay Operations in Base Ten, Measurement and Data, and Geometry. It is Common Core aligned. The design is master's child friendly and inviting while packed with real work.
Many assignments are explained and modeled so students can complete the homework independently. How Do We Write. As you will see, there is enough space for master's thesis powerpoint, your students to work right on the page, it is easy to understand, and. Sixth Grade Math Homework Sheets- Expressions and Equations. This pack includes a Practice Sheet for each standard (some broken down into separate parts depending on skill) for how do essay, Expressions and Equations in 6th Grade. This Download includes: > 13 Practice Sheets (each have an I Can statement, the Common Core Standard, clear instructions, room to show work, etc.) > Answer key for EACH Practice Sheet located directly behind the essays michel Practice Sheet in the same format ***Looking for 7th Grade?
Check them out by clicking here. ************************* > Click. Please note that you're heading to a part of we write our site that's not yet optimized for mobile.
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Writing a Narrative Essay - YouTube
A for a narrative essay and against essay about the internet. Look at the essay and do the exercises to improve your writing skills. Do the preparation exercise first. Then read the text and master's powerpoint do the other exercises. What's your opinion? Do you think the how do we write, internet is bad for young people? For young people it is. They shoud be surervised while accessing the internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. Internet, an psychosynthesis invention which still amazes people in is own way, is not always good.
It has really bad side effects on young adults. As in the essay, the young people get addicted to online games and they become addicted to the internet quickly. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is we write a narrative essay, really dangerous for young people. I think it really should have a age limit. And also we must be strict about the psychosynthesis, rules of age limit on internet too. I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of it having age limits. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is very useful in schools and in work. How Do We Write. It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate. On the other hand a lot of for power, people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. I also agree that learning on the internet (like here ont the british council ;) ) is very usefull . So in how do, conclusion internet is possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. :)
I agree with all of you, but what about learning how to play a musical instrument? I think internet can be very good for teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for complete essays, projects and homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. How Do A Narrative Essay. I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464. I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in particular that you like on the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks! I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and What is it? in Study Break.
British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. I love it! I think the internet is an amazing tool which can be used for equally amazing things, but only in the hands of the right person. Essay. One bad aspect of internet is that anyone could acess anything anytime. That means there is a lot of inappropriate content out how do, there, but a good person is lust, able to how do we write essay, avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is very good and useful, but some young people use it for lust for power essay bad things. Such as playing computer games and get addict with it.
Many parents has banned the we write, children not allowed to master's thesis, play forever,1 week or a day or so. How Do We Write A Narrative Essay. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is useful with good children,and it is essay types, bad with bad children. I totaly agree. It all depends from parents. If they let children to spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in we write, point: #039;I think internet is thesis, useful with good children, and it is bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is how do we write essay, one of the greatest people created. You have an access to on richard, billions of libraries from your computer, you are able to speak with your friends even if they are on the other side of the world.
Many people work using the Internet. How Do We Write A Narrative Essay. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the Internet and essays web-technologies. Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and can#039;t survive for we write a narrative more than an hour without computer or smartphone. They need to publish their photos in michel montaigne, social networks, chat with 7 people in a narrative, one moment and read new posts in their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the real one. The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the safety of your personal data. Everyone has heard stories about hackers that published private and scandal photos of data base of the big company. It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out all your secrets. Types Of Communication. To sum up, Internrt is a wonderful tool for searching the necessary information, but social networks is how do we write a narrative, quite tricky part of World Wide Web. I think the internet very useful for essay cory us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of how do essay, time in looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing.
Well, we must admit that on this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists. Internet is included. Surely it was meant for connecting people from all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out how to use it for the portrait gray essay different things that provide us either with information or amusement. How Do We Write. It is said that the Internet is a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the problem isn#039;t in the Internet itself but rather in the humans, as it is lust, us who are using it and who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Internet but ourselves as we are unable to a narrative essay, use a powerful tool for our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation.
I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the most important thing in mutimedia life. Personally, l consider that the internet is classification essay types, bad or not,which depends on users. I think the Internet is something that we have to know, and we should know what is good and bad for us, and keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in any way. I think it is the same for young people, we have to be responsible, because the Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for a narrative everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of reaching the the portrait of dorian questions, whole world. Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the a narrative essay, week, a lot of information, and a lot of people online. The Portrait Gray Questions. About teenagers who are addicted to we write a narrative, games, that depends on each family. Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do.
It#039;s impossible to live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to on richard, make a research, work on a project. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and hours looking for few informations? Internet is how do essay, useful for everyone, for young and old people. There#039;s a lot of michel, sites that can help us a lot. But, today Internet ha gone too far away. Almost, there#039;s no home without the internet(more than 70% in whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and a bad sites on the Internet. We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. How Do Essay. ) that shows us a different world. Classification Essay Types. We can learn a lot of things (English, French. ) and a lot of other things. But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t.
There#039;s a lot of we write a narrative essay, dangerous people in cory, the world. To sum up, I completely agree with essay. No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is many information in the internet. In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for people. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and I wouldn#039;t be able to access to lots of useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. On the other hand, internet is bad only how do, when people dont know how to use it wisely. If young people use the Internet for classification essay types studying and relaxing in proper way, internet would be very useful. To me, the internet#039;s the how do we write essay, most wonderful tool that human had created. In my own perspective, the Internet plays an psychosynthesis important role in the communicating barrier. As you can see, people all around the world are using the Internet, including the we write a narrative, elderly. We communicate with each other using the internet and it really helps us to stay connected with one another.
Besides, without the internet, how are the countries going to develop? Our knowledge and the view to the outside world, the perspective to montaigne, the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in the well. So, why not? The internet is the best connection between an individual to the whole wide world. How Do A Narrative Essay. It#039;s definitely a boon. Internet is very usefull for us. Essays. Internet is we write a narrative essay, particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on the internet, you can get anything by only searching on it. Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for learning English, reading news and doing research for my tasks. However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on essay social media and often forget about time and everything they should do. I completely disagree that internet is bad for teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on the way people use the internet. How does this photo make you feel?
Can you write a caption for it? . Look carefully. What's this everyday object? Play Wordshake and see how many points can you get in 3 minutes. © British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for we write a narrative cultural relations and educational opportunities. A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland).
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essays models stress November 2003 Issue. Thinking processes, reverse engineering and external representations in the generation and application of stress models. By Dr. Lorraine Cleeton, St.
Bonaventure University, NY. This article traces the progress of students taking a stress management course, in which traditional models of we write essay, stress were presented and new models developed. The students found that traditional stress models were useful only in specific situations, but not transferable to novel outbreaks of stress. They thought that this was due partly to differences in essay on richard cory definitions of stress. We Write A Narrative Essay? The students found it difficult to essay on richard cory devise new stress models. An examination was made of thinking processes which had been used for generating successful models, in analogous systems suffering from initial resistance to we write a narrative essay definition and modeling. Reverse engineering by computer-aided simulation looked to be one promising route towards generating new models of stress. Another was recent research in external representations used for problem solving. It is hoped that this review will encourage the development of on richard, transferable models of stress and spin off more precise definition of stressors and strains.
Two major difficulties arose in a course on stress management. Firstly, the students were dichotomized between those who, as ‘clients in stress’, had problems themselves and those who, as ‘counselors’, wanted to help other people. Secondly, the solutions to novel problems presented by the ‘clients’ were not always amenable to solutions suggested by the ‘counselors’. To anticipate this polarization of the students the initial aim of the course had been generalized to ‘Eliminating, minimizing and controlling stress in ourselves and in other people’. Adding to the difficulties, a literature review revealed many researchers maintaining that stress has not been precisely defined (Everly and Rosenfeld 1981). For the second run of the how do essay, course, an additional aim was added – ‘Gaining skills to transfer to transfer to new and novel outbreaks of stress’. It was hoped that this would facilitate students to counsel people outside those taking the course, but they reported many failures. The aims were screened into a series of lust for power essay, objectives against which evaluation was made by assessed tasks following each two-hour session. Although stress has not been precisely defined, assumptions have been made about ‘the effects of a feeling of acute or prolonged anxiety’ or ‘lack of resolution of conflict’. How Do We Write? Based on such imprecise definitions, which create more constructs than they eliminate, it was not surprising to lust find widespread disagreement among the we write a narrative, students in acceptance of such concepts as 'stress-related illness'. Students were able to the portrait fit appropriate models to we write essay the symptoms, but needed tools to develop new models to understand novel stressors.
Finally, it was hoped to essays michel answer the question, ‘Does understanding stress through modeling go a long way towards alleviating it? ‘ Information overload (‘Tap and Jug’) model. Many people have visions of how do we write, stress and visions of what would cure it, for example, 'If I didn't have so much work to do', 'If my students were well behaved' or 'If my boss would leave'. Most of the essay on richard cory, students brought along with them the naive model of stress caused by information or emotional overload. This assumes that the organism has just so much to give and that problems arise when that limit is exceeded. Powell and Enright (1990) called this the how do, 'Tap and Jug' model - Tap and master's powerpoint, Jug model. The strength of this model lies in simplicity, but its weakness in the variety of capacities of individuals for overload and the variability of their reactions to stimuli (Eysenck 1989). For example, prisoners able to tolerate confinement and torture may still have a fear of spiders in their cells. In early assignments the students most frequently applied this model as a default, sometimes used legitimately, but more often to fall back on in desperation when other models had failed. Capacity - Demand model. The Tap and Jug model can be made more useful by upgrading it to a Capacity-Demand model, as described by Wycherley (1987).
The aim is not only to increase capacity, but also potential for increased demand, by increasing the a narrative, stamina or robustness of the the portrait of dorian essay questions, person. To increase capacity, optimum challenge should be applied, according to how do a narrative essay the Yerkes-Dodson (1908) Law - This law states that there is a optimum level of challenge - sufficient to stimulate and the portrait questions, maintain interest, but not sufficient to cause undue stress. Capacity – Demand model. Many people feel stressed when the size of their workload approaches their perceived capacity for how do a narrative essay work. Stress increases as more work is added, eventually to exceed the classification types of communication, perceived capacity. Ideally one hopes that the workload will decrease, but sometimes as a result of the stress we are scarred and we write, our capacity is reduced.
If you come to terms with it or receive counseling, it is hoped that the workload might once again just fill the capacity. A better solution would be to essay on richard achieve more stamina so that there is increased capacity, i.e. the ability to withstand a greater workload in a narrative essay the future - keeping the load within the montaigne, boundaries of the increased capacity. In the depths of we write a narrative essay, our own stress we all know colleagues we admired who never seemed ruffled by increased workload, or by sudden life changes, and who seemed to have infinite capacity. Against the background of imprecise definition of stress, the concepts of 'stressors' and 'strains' were discriminated and offered to the students in a cause-effect model. A 'stressor' might be work overload , causing the european, 'strain' of fatigue. This is illustrated by the. Weight-on-a-Spring model, the how do we write a narrative, Weight representing the stressor and the extension the strain (Russell 1953).
This model was useful when first presented, but the students soon noticed that a strain could switch to being a stressor, leading to a chaining effect. For example, the strain of fatigue could become the stressor causing the psychosynthesis, strain of a weakening family relationship . A stress counselor should enter the chain by defining the stressor and we write essay, strain at point of european psychosynthesis, entry. There is cost to a client, and difficulties for a counselor, who fails to find the how do we write a narrative essay, break-point of entry to a closed loop stressor-strain cycle. The students were given local, national and global suicide and mortality figures, with their relationships to variables such as socioeconomic background and marital status . This led to listings of stress-related illnesses. The students showed wide variation in their beliefs about discrimination and generalization of this concept, which was not surprising given the classification types of communication, background of an imprecise definition of ‘stress’ itself. The students understood and we write, accepted the european, Three-Systems Model of we write a narrative, behavioral , emotional and physical interaction as described by Powell and Enright (1990), but they barely mentioned it in discussion, counseling or essays. Perhaps the students felt the model to be too nave, obvious or inappropriate, even in conditions where its originators saw its relevance. Perhaps being a textual model it was easily forgotten. However when students failed to observe behavioral, emotional and physical changes at an early stage in master's powerpoint a counseling situation, there were cumulative difficulties in reducing client anxiety.
Type A and B Personalities model. The students realized that their problems could not only be blamed on the environment but on their own reactions and interactions with it. How Do A Narrative Essay? The Type A and B model of behavior traits (Friedman and Rosenan 1959; Glass 1977; Matthews 1982) was introduced. Its categorization was clear, but although the methods for ameliorating excessive bias towards either trait were highly successful with a few students, the model failed with the rest. A new model was proposed for targeting a desirable but hypothetical middle-road Type ‘C’ behavior and developed by role-play to even more satisfying Types D, E, F - - - and cory, subsequent behaviors, where for example reaction to a novel, unexpected event, shock or emergency situation could be controlled to prevent disablement of how do we write a narrative, thought or action. Assuming attitudes are difficult to change quickly by conventional methods (except by unfortunate negative shock events), the thesis powerpoint, students found that much practice was needed to a narrative essay reach the ‘higher’ levels of essay on richard cory, C, D, E - - - behavior, beyond the traditional Types A and B. For example, at first, great control is needed to speak slowly when every set instinct tells you to use quick and aggressive response. Teachers are well trained in this technique when faced with challenging students. Ways of affecting more rapid change would need to control or cope with instinctive reactions. Students trained in using suggestion in hypnosis achieved the most rapid results in changing destructive attitudes. Life-Change Units (LCU’s) Shock events like bereavement can effect rapid temporary or permanent change.
Illness or accident can trigger a person to initiate a worthy cause to help similar victims. The students completed the Holmes and Rahe (1967) Life-Change Inventory, but found that their reactions to a life-change event were dependent on their hardiness, mental stamina and how do we write, parental or vocational training - This model suggests that life changes or job changes cause the stress. Complete Essays Michel? Life changes have been placed in how do essay a hierarchy. At the top of the list is 'death of a spouse'. 'Christmas' and 'holidays' appear in the list as causing some people stress, even though they are supposed to provide relaxation. Each life-change item in the list is allocated a score. You add your scores and the total indicates your stress level. Perhaps each profession should develop its own LCU’s. For example, teachers are subject to their own list of internal life changes - sudden changes in european collaborative teams, the curriculum or family problems. Compilation of a complete scored list focused on teaching would be a fruitful piece of research. Test Your Stress Level - Read through this list of life events and write down the Life Change Units (LCUs) value for each that has occurred in the last 12-18 months.
Total your Life Change Units (LCUs). If your score is a narrative essay, 150 LCUs or less, your level of stress based on life changes is essay on richard cory, low. If your score is 150-300 LCUs, your stress levels are borderline - you should minimize changes in your life if possible at this time. If your score is a narrative essay, more than 300 LCUs your stress levels are high. Thesis? You should minimize other changes in your life if possible and work at instituting some stress intervention techniques. Ranking of Life event. 1. Death of Spouse. 3. Essay? Marital Separation. 5. Death of close family member. 6. Personal injury or illness.
8. Fired from job. 9. Marital reconciliation. 11. Change in essay health of family member. 13. Sex Difficulties. 14. Gain of new family member. 15. Business readjustment. 16.
Change in financial state. 17. How Do We Write? Death of close friend. 18. Lust Essay? Change to different line of work. 19. Change in how do we write number of arguments with spouse. 20. Mortgage/loan for major purchases. 21. Foreclosure of mortgage or loan.
22. Change in responsibilities at work. 23. Son or daughter leaving home. 24. Trouble with in-laws. 25. Classification Types? Outstanding personal achievement. 26. Spouse begins or stops work. 27.
Begin or end school. 28. Change in living conditions. 29. Revision of how do essay, personal habits. 30. Trouble with boss. 31. Change in work hours or conditions. 32. Change in residence. 33. Change in schools. 34. Change in recreation. 35. Change in church activates. 36. Change in social activities. 37. Mortgage, or loan for lesser purchase (car etc.) 38.
Change in sleeping habits. 39. European? Change in number of how do we write a narrative essay, family. 40. Change in lust eating habits. 43. Minor violation of the a narrative essay, law. S tress is the body's non-specific response to any demand placed upon lust, it. It is not caused only by how do a narrative negative or adverse influences. Stress increases the rate of wear and tear the body experiences.
Americans spend over nine billion dollars a year to deal with stress. The ritualistic model is related to the load capacity model and to the life change model. It is based on a feeling that things are out of control unless rituals are observed. For Power? Eventually this blocks creativity and we write a narrative essay, innovation. Gray? The rituals are not confined to working hours. They start in the morning before work, where events ‘have’ to take place in a habitual order, or stress is experienced. In the stress management course, students were weaned from rituals by setting them a homework assignment to break at we write a narrative essay first just one ritual. They said it was the lust essay, most difficult assignment of the course.
Teachers know that a slight change in routine can upset the discipline of a class. How Do A Narrative? It might be a snowfall starting or a bird settling outside the classroom window. Perhaps the education system should devote itself in the affective domain to teaching children to react appropriately to novel situations, essential for encouraging creativity. Moving animal model. A simple ‘moving animal’ model was found to be very effective. A tiger was drawn on one overhead projector slide and jungle camouflage on another. The two slides were placed on top of montaigne, each other on an overhead projector. The animal is how do we write a narrative, only noticed when the overlapping slides are moved relative to each other. The analogy in stress management is that many people are happy to preserve the cory, status quo and only experience stress when changes are made in how do we write a narrative their working life.
This model helped to exercise the ‘detector function’ described later in psychosynthesis Kuhn’s model (1974). To complement the life change inventory, the effects of cumulative small stressors were examined. Research articles have started to appear showing for example some evidence of a link between these 'microstressors' and depression ( McLean 1976). The students were encouraged to keep a record of these microstressors and the strains which appeared temporally close to them. Many of the students asked to be taught Assertiveness. In its mid-ground between passivity and aggression, or between reactive and proactive response, Assertiveness asks for students to move between these attitudes. Like switching between Type A and B, it was difficult to a narrative break lifelong habitual responses to situations. Relaxation techniques were the ameliorating catalyst to change, but some students still found it paradoxical to european combine assertiveness with relaxation.
Relaxation was therefore practised both in preparation for being more assertive when rights were infringed and how do a narrative essay, also for defusing the aggression of other people. For most students extensive role-play and feedback from external situations effected the desirable responses. Learning curves model. When students realized that stress management would often involve simultaneous changes to thesis powerpoint themselves and to how do we write a narrative their environment a return to the first principles of learning was needed. They had to learn how to learn new responses to stressors. This was difficult because of lust, their ritualizations. Cleeton (1991) profiled learning barriers, not only in the cognitive domain, but also in the functional and experiential domains. How Do We Write? Functional learning barriers to stress management may be lack of confidence, lack of assertiveness, family problems or conflict between work and home. Experiential learning barriers may be lack of european psychosynthesis, experience in how do we write a narrative essay dealing with problems normally arising at work or home. The students were shown examples of learning curves - Curve showing a linear rate of learning.
Curve showing linear learning, but starting from some previous knowledge. More realistically, the following curve shows how many of us learn. It is called the essay, ‘stepped-change model’. For example, when we learn how to we write essay play a musical instrument, we achieve an the portrait, elementary level quite rapidly, and then seem to we write ‘stick’ at that level and think we will never rise above it. After a number of on richard cory, steps, we may reach a ‘plateau’ where we either give up the practice and learning, or realize that we have reached the limit of we write a narrative, our persistence or. Curve showing stepped learning. The following curve reproduces an actual performance by an adult learner. At first the learning was ‘ideal’, accelerating as knowledge accumulated along an exponential curve – a ‘knowledge explosion’.
Then the learner discovered a barrier and complete essays, fell into how do we write a discouraging ‘ditch’ of learning. Recovering, but lacking confidence, the learner could not achieve accelerated learning, but only complete essays, linear learning. A second fall into essay a ditch leaves the learner so discouraged that some previous learning could not remembered (a learning ‘block’), but eventually recovery took place to reach a plateau of ability and persistence. Learning Curve showing actual performance of an adult learner. accelerated (‘ideal’) learning. The following curve shows ‘ideal’ learning, usually produced by material which is challenging but not anxiety-producing. It shows ‘accelerated learning’ – an exponential rise in achievement with time, knowledge cumulatively capitalizing on previous knowledge, setting off a knowledge explosion.
‘Ideal’ Learning Curve. Relating these curves to stress management, students need to strive for ‘ideal’ exponential learning and avoid ‘ditches’ and ‘plateau’. European? Stress management involves lifelong learning because novel stressors are always presenting themselves with changes to the individual, the environment and with local, national and global change. Perception and Reality model. The author (Cleeton G., 1996) developed terminology to describe learning barriers. Have you ever heard adults or children say, ‘I can’t do Math’? They are expressing a perceived learning barrier. In practice the barrier may be real or illusory . Sometimes a child will say they can’t do Math, but be able to manipulate and tell you the statistics of all their team’s baseball games. Essay? In that case the master's thesis powerpoint, barrier must be to some extent illusory . When adults return to the classroom after a gap of many years, they are often scarred with memories of failure in how do essay school, sometimes from bad teaching, for example from teaching abstract before concrete operations.
These scars caused ditches in their learning curves. Gentle teaching to essay remove the scars and getting them to realize that it was not their fault can relegate their perceived barriers into illusory barriers. Sometimes perceived barriers will be expressed in more serious terms or at we write a narrative essay specific levels. A child might say, ‘I can’t do Math, and what’s more I never will be able to do it’. This suggests that there is a hierarchy of learning barriers. An older learner might say, ‘I can’t do complex numbers, and complete michel montaigne, what’s more I never will be able to’. Before a course starts, a potential student may scan the syllabus and express anticipated learning barriers for the whole or part of it, for example - ‘I anticipate difficulties with genetics’. A Narrative Essay? This can cause a damaging mindset. Piaget and Inhelder (1971) said, ‘That which is anticipated is more likely to occur’ - an example of ‘negative’ or pejorative visualisation. In stress management the tutor needs to complete essays montaigne demonstrate that many anticipated and perceived barriers can be illusory , and we write a narrative essay, also teach how to overcome real barriers.
In preparing lessons we tend to concentrate on motivation to make lessons interesting, but we should also forecast, acknowledge and aim to surmount learning barriers. Learning barriers will be encountered in european the Substantive (subject matter) domain, for example caused by faulty sequencing of the how do we write a narrative essay, material. They can also be in the Functional domain, for example caused by disability or family problems. They can be in classification the Experiential domain, for example caused by lack of practical experience in needed skills. There are several models of learning barriers. Early models by Lewin (1935) showed barriers as obstructing goals, in an environment which was to a greater or less degree permeable. As teachers our role is to set the goal and a narrative, make the teaching environment as permeable and flexible as possible to essay on richard cory surmount the learning barriers. An insidious learning barrier is the discovered barrier. This is neither anticipated before the course starts, nor perceived by we write essay the student when the course starts, but is unexpectedly discovered by student and teacher as the course proceeds. Not even the best pre-course syllabus can forewarn potential students about discovered barriers.
Such barriers can approach the learner at high or low speeds, can have fast or slow attacks and fast or slow decays. Lust? Their profiles will resemble those generated by music synthesizers – Learning barrier with fast attack and slow decay. Learning barrier with slow attack and how do a narrative essay, fast decay. Learners are not particularly realistic about their learning potential. The author (Cleeton, G., 1996) found that they were notorious in their discrepancies between perception and reality. Mostly they were pessimistic, sometimes optimistic. Skilled teaching can bring them into reality without discouragement. Weaknesses were apparent in students' decision-making skills. They tended to european psychosynthesis act either in a narrative a stereotyped way when faced with novel outbreaks of stress, or at the other extreme would vacillate between trial of different solutions. They also experienced dissonance - avoiding alternatives when a decision had been made and european psychosynthesis, brooding with regret, so salience of their dissonance was not resolved (Festinger 1993). We Write A Narrative Essay? Models of learning strategies, decision-making and risk-taking were studied in the context of innovation theory.
The Reality-Perception of Reality model became accepted and was used with success in reducing the discrepancy index (Fisher 1986) between perception and reality. Students also noted discrepancy between perception and reality in conflicts between the conscious and subconscious minds. A client might say, consciously and conventionally, ‘I love my sister’, but subconsciously, in regression, say, ‘I hate my sister’. Instances of emergence of the ‘child within’ were sensitized by regression. Problems were reported of ‘childish adults’ and indeed ‘adult children’.
Reluctantly some of these effects began to be recognized by the students as lying within themselves and led to their determination to remove the ‘bugs’ from their systems before practising stress management on other people. Time management model. The stressors of types, learning and of meeting targets were approached through time management and we write, just-in-time management, keeping long-term diaries of activities, relaxation and thinking. Reorientation of waking and lust, sleeping patterns were accepted by some students but strongly resisted by others. The possibilities of a narrative essay, instant sleeping and waking by suggestion in hypnosis were explored, in conjunction with subliminal learning.
Marionette on Strings model. The human being is a delicate instrument, partly controlled by ‘strings’ to the different people in his/her life. When one of these people pulls a string that attached to master's powerpoint the human being too tightly, the string or the human being can ‘snap’ and how do we write, be either mentally, physically or both mentally and physically destroyed. Essay Types? Other people pulling the strings might be able to how do a narrative compensate for this loss, but in some cases the person may have to completely break ties with the stressor. For example, if the stressor is an the portrait questions, employer, the person might have to resign to save mental and physical health. Shifting the Goal Posts model. The person is told to how do we write a narrative essay complete a task. When near completion, the controlling person changes the path and targets of the task.
This causes intense stress because everything done up to thesis powerpoint this point has to be altered to suit the new instructions. Mountain out of a Molehill model. You have to teach simple material that should only take a few minutes to explain, but fill one hour in time to do it. This is a stressor for teachers, professors, or anyone lecturing. Sometimes you are given a topic to talk about which in common sense terms can be stated in a few minutes to almost any audience.
You have to a narrative stretch this to an hour. You have to inject stories, personal experiences, etc., but as you listen to yourself (if you could) you are restating the original premise over and over for power, until you are completely burnt out. This can make you mentally and physically ill and does not serve as a benefit to your audience either. It is essay, making something more important than it is. Contagion of stress model. Most of us have experience of the ‘weak link in the chain’ when working as a team, for example the person who holds up the work by for power essay not meeting deadlines. When prolonged this behavior can be contagious.
Contagion of a narrative, stress called for a model based on the two-way spillover of strain between occupation and home (Cooper and Marshall 1976, French and Caplan 1972). Lust For Power? This necessitated assembly and how do we write essay, modeling of family relationship stressors and for power essay, occupational stressors, and the interaction between them. Power, Role, Task and Person model. Occupational stress was modeled through analysis of the Power, Role, Task and Person structures of organizations ( Harrison 1972). Their structural strengths and essay, weaknesses were assessed in terms of (i) their stability, (ii) their resistance to change, development or recessional crises and (iii) how individuals of different personality might fare in them, or be matched to a structure by choice. The following descriptions of the structures are due to classification types Harrison (1972) - The power culture is most often found in small entrepreneurial organizations. How Do A Narrative? Its structure can be pictured as a web. The power culture depends on a central power source with rays of power and influence spreading out from that central figure. The rays may be connected by functional or specialist strings but the power rings are the centers of power and influences. This organization works on precedent and by anticipating the essay on richard cory, wishes and decisions of the essay, central power sources.
There are few rules and procedures and little bureaucracy. Control is exercised from the psychosynthesis, center. How Do We Write A Narrative? It is a political organization in that decisions are taken largely based on the balance of influence rather than on logical or procedural grounds. A power culture can move very quickly and react rapidly to threats or opportunities. These cultures put a lot of faith in the individual, little in committees. They judge by master's thesis powerpoint results and care very little about the means used to obtain results. Size is a problem for power cultures; when they get large or when they seek to take on how do we write a narrative too many activities, they can collapse. The role culture is called a bureaucracy. The structure for the portrait of dorian questions a role culture can be pictured as a Greek temple.
The role culture works by logic and how do essay, rationality. The Portrait Essay? Its strength in its its pillars or functional specialties, e.g. the finance department, the technical services department, the public services department. How Do A Narrative? The work of the european, functional departments is contro lled by: The functional departments are controlled at the top by how do we write essay a small group of senior managers (the pediment of the temple). It is assumed that these folks are the only co-ordinators required if the separate departments do their job as laid down by the rules and procedures and essay types, the overall plan. In the role culture, the how do we write a narrative, job description is often more important than the individual who fills it. Individuals are selected for satisfactory performance of a role and the role is usually so described that a range of for power essay, individuals can fill it.
Performance above and beyond the role prescription is a narrative essay, not required and can even be regarded as disruptive. Position power is the major power source; personal power is frowned upon and expert power limited to essays michel montaigne its proper place. The efficiency of we write a narrative essay, this culture depends o n the rationality of the allocation of lust for power essay, work and responsibility rather than on individuals. The role organization will succeed very well in stable environments where little changes from year to year and predictions can be made far in advance. Where the organization can control its environment, where its markets are stable, predictable or controllable, the rules and procedures and the programmed approach to work will be successful. Role cultures are slow to perceive the need for change and slow to we write change even when the need is seen. Complete Michel? If the market, the how do a narrative essay, product/service needs, or the environment changes, the role culture is types, likely to continue without change until it collapses or until the top management is replaced.
Role cultures offer security and predictability to we write a narrative essay the individual -- a steady rate of ascent up the career ladder. They offer the chance to acquire specialist expertise without risk. They tend to essay cory reward those wanted to do their job to a standard. A role culture is frustrating for the individual who is power-oriented or who wants control over a narrative, his/her work. Those who are ambitious or more interested in results than method may be discontented, except in top management. The role culture is essay, found where economies of scale are more important than flexibility and how do we write a narrative essay, where technical expertise and depth of specialization are more important than product innovation or product cost.
The task culture is job or product oriented or focused on service delivery. Its accompanying structure can be represented as a net. Notice some of the strands of the net are thicker and stronger than the others. The power and influence in a task culture lies at the intersections. A matrix organization is essay on richard cory, one form of the task culture. The task culture seeks to bring together the how do we write, appropriate resources, the right people at the right level of the organization, and then to thesis let them get on with it. Influence is based more on how do a narrative essay expert power than on position or personal power, although these power sources have an effect. Influence is more widely dispersed than in other cultures and each individual in the culture tends to think he/she has influence.
The task culture is a team culture where the outcome, the result, the for power essay, product of the team's work tends to be the common goal overcoming individual objectives and most status and style differences. The task culture uses the unifying power of the group to we write a narrative improve efficiency and to identify the individual with the objective of the organization. The task culture is highly adaptable. Groups, project teams, or task forces are formed for a specific purpose and can be reformed, abandoned or continued. The net organization works quickly since each group ideally contains within it all the decision-making powers required. Individuals have a high degree of control over their work in this culture.
Judgment is by results. There are generally easy working relationships within the group with mutual respect based upon capacity rather than age or status. The task culture is appropriate where flexibility and sensitivity to the market or environment are important. The task culture fits where the complete essays montaigne, market is competitive, where the product life is short, where speed of reaction is important. The task culture finds it hard to produce economies of scale or great depth of expertise. Large scale systems are difficult to organize as flexible groups. The technical expert in a task culture will find him/herself working on various problems and in various groups and thus will be less specialized than his/her counterpart working in a role cultures. Control in a task culture is difficult. How Do We Write Essay? Control is retained by top management through the essays, allocation of projects, people and resources. But little day-to-day control can be exerted over the methods of working or the procedures without violating the norms of the culture. Task cultures flourish when the climate is agreeable, when the product is all-important, when the customer is always right, and when resources are available for all who can justify using them. ( ‘for example putting a Man on the Moon by 1970’ – Ed.)
When resources of money and people have to be rationed, top management may wish to control methods as well as results. When this happens, team leaders begin to compete for resources using political influence. Morale will decline and the job becomes less satisfying as individuals begin to reveal their individual objectives. When this happens the task culture tends to change to a role or power culture. The task culture is usually the one preferred as a personal choice to work in by most managers especially those at junior and middle levels. It is the culture which most of the behavioral theories of how do we write essay, organizations point towards with their emphasis on groups, expert power, rewards for results, merging individual and on richard cory, group objectives. It is the culture most in tune with current ideologies of change and adaptation, individual freedom and low status differentials. The person culture is an unusual one and won't be found in many organizations but many individuals cling to some of its values.
In this culture the individual is the central point. If there is a structure or an organization it exists only to serve and assist the individuals within it. If a group of individuals decide that it is in their own interests to band together in order to do their own thing more successfully and we write a narrative essay, that an office, a space, some equipment, some clerical support would help, then the resulting organization will have a person culture. Architectural partnerships, real estate firms, some research organizations, perhaps information brokers often have this person orientation. Its structure is minimal, a cluster or galaxy of individual stars may be the european, best picture. As most organizations tend to have goals and objectives over and above the set of collective objectives of their members, there are few organizations with person cultures. Control mechanisms or even management hierarchies are impossible in their cultures except by mutual consent. The organization is subordinate to the individual and depends on the individual for its existence. The individual can leave the organization but the organization seldom has the power to evict an individual. Influence is we write a narrative, shared and the power base is usually expert.
The kibbutz, the commune, the co-operative, are strivers for the personal culture in organizational form. Rarely does it succeed beyond the michel, original creators. Very quickly the organization achieves its own identify and a narrative, begins to impose it on its individuals. It becomes a task culture at best, but often a power or role culture. Although there are few organizations with person cultures, many individuals with a personal preference for this type of essays michel, culture operate in other kinds of organization. Specialists in we write organization often feel little allegiance to the organization but regard it rather as a place to for power essay do their thing with some benefit accruing to their employer. Individuals with this orientation are not easy to manage. As specialists employment elsewhere is often easy to obtain so resource power has less potency.
They rarely acknowledge other people's expert power. Coercive power is not usually available which leaves only personal power and such individuals are not easily impressed by personality. Within an large organization different types of cultures may be found as shown in the diagram below: The second diagram (due to Harrison 1972) below points out some of the organization design policies variables that need to be considered when considering the nature of an organization and its fit with its environment. Detector, Selector, Effector model.
Students had by now realized that that success in stress management would not only involve changes in the environment but also changes in themselves, with feedback between these two systems. The most sophisticated model introduced to we write the students was that due to Kuhn (1974). It proposes the organism has Detector, Selector and Defector functions, is set within its environment and has feedback between these three functions through the essay types of communication, environment - A closed system is one where interactions occur only among the system components and not with the environment. An open system is one that receives input from the environment and/or releases output to the environment. The basic characteristics of an open system is the dynamic interaction of its components, while the basis of a cybernetic model is the feedback cycle. Open systems can tend toward higher levels of organization (negative entropy), while closed systems can only maintain or decrease in organization. Kuhn suggested that strain arises from how do we write essay, neglect, damage or insensitivity in one or more of the three functions - Detector, Selector and Effector - so the students practised exercises of each function.
Some students preferred textual rather than image presentation of the model. Having applied the Kuhn model, some students were able to inject a fine structure proposed by Kuhn, where each of the three functions has its own Detector, Selector and essay, Defector. Although comprehensive, students felt that the model was only a step towards presentation of a simple ‘magic-key’ model, similar to the ‘moving animal’ model, which would be applicable to most situations and spin off a universal definition of stress. Overview of the stress models. Inadequate, makes false assumptions. Inadequate, too specific. Weight on a spring. Defines stressors and strains.
Chaining of stressors and strains. Observation of early warning signs. Difficult to remember, too textual for Imagers. Difficult to practise necessary changes. Inconsistent - ignores microstressors. Life change units. Insufficient detail for specific occupations.
Benefits of gaining flexibility. Difficult to break rituals in we write a narrative essay a short time. Vivid presentation -immediately useful, also later in complex. Useful relationships emerging for depression. Tedious to record Microstressors and their subsequent strains. Confidence-building, overcomes fear of innovation. Student preference to retain destructive status-quo.
Perception and reality. Challenges cherished assumptions. Too textual for Imagers. Recognizes suppressed events. Unpopular for those who must see causal strain-stressor connection. Connects time management with personality.
Needs long-term record-keeping. Marionette on Strings. Involves personal relationships. Tends to absolve individual from change. Shifting the Goal Posts. Useful for meeting deadlines. Mountain out of a Molehill.
Issues warning signs of stress accumulation. Difficult to disentangle connections. Power, Role, Task and Person. Understanding structure in which one works. Ignores personality clashes within structures. Detector, Selector, Effector. Comprehensive, open to expansion. Complex, suggesting need for simplification. Many stress management courses have had to follow the pattern of counseling based upon vague definitions of stress, which leads to loss of focus. In this course a list of stressors was assembled and existing stress models progressively presented to fit new situations of strain. Diverse models had to be remembered and fitted to diverse problems.
Students leaving the european, course felt that the necessary transfer to novel outbreaks of we write a narrative, stress had not been achieved. Where there was contagion of stress, for example from workplace to home and back to workplace, students often failed to complete enter or break the vicious circle. As seen by present students the Perception-Reality and Child-Within models offer greatest promise. They cope with variations in life goals. In amelioration of strains they open a way to philosophical and metaphysical discussion of life purpose. They are complementary to regression for examination of suppressed childhood experiences. They bridge traditional and alternative healing. In the fundamental problem of finding the cause rather than treating the how do we write a narrative, problem, frequently the default has to complete essays michel be that of giving coping strategies for the strain when inability or incompetence has failed to reveal the stressor. Many students felt that previous counseling proposed too close a binding between cause and effect, for example – ‘Your fear of water is because you lived near a canal when you were a child’. A Narrative Essay? It may be prudent to consider the possibility that sometimes there may be no such binding - that there is an element of of dorian gray essay questions, chance whether an unfortunate child event causes adult anxiety, depression or phobia.
If the focal causal event is exposed, for example in hypnotic regression, the strain may be eliminated without there being obvious cause-effect connection. Similarly in the human variation of response to events, there may be no relationship between the severity of a problem and the severity of the cause (and therefore severity or duration of treatment). Proposals for new modeling of stress. In the absence of explicit definition of stress, new models will constantly been needed. This situation is paralleled by other systems in their infancy of stubborn resistance to how do we write a narrative definition. It may be profitable to essay step outside the situation to look at we write essay a different philosophical or material database. When searching for the text string ‘model plus generation’ in essay Social Science databases, only a few matches were recorded. In contrast, Pure Science databases yielded numerous responses, revealing familiarity with analogous situations, where complex models could mirror mixtures of how do a narrative essay, thin slices of quantitative data with large slices of qualitative information.
For example, the ‘state space framework’ was used by Patterson (1995) to apply a model integrating data generation process with data measurement. Methodologies of kinetic modeling and mechanistic studies of complex catalytic chemical reactions have been analyzed by european psychosynthesis Gabrielle, Denoroy and how do a narrative, Reau (1995). They showed the rationality of a methodology based on advancement and discrimination of hypotheses and gave a review of techniques for hypothesis generation. A combinatorial algorithm and a library of the portrait of dorian gray questions, chemical reactions were used. Potthof, Holahan and Joiner (1995) examined a mechanism through which interpersonal vulnerability factors may be linked with depressive symptoms by integrating the how do we write a narrative essay, stress-generation model with an interpersonal theory of depression. Initial depressive symptoms and initial reassurance-seeking style were positively associated with the occurrence of microstressors.
The results support our students’ perceived usefulness of the model of lust for power, accumulation of microstressors. Landis (1994) launched a new series of metropolitan simulation models which replicated urban growth patterns and impacts of how do a narrative essay, development policy. Essay Questions? The rationality of the model and the way it has been built in how do we write essay terms of its formal structure, its databases and on richard, its decision rules is explained. Our students often failed to disentangle the multiplicity of perceived strains which they experienced and how do we write essay, some of them could not weight the master's powerpoint, importance of multiple macro-strains and microstressors leading to their present anxiety states. This indicates the potential for multifactorial modeling, such as used by Rosenheck and essay, Fontana (1994). They used structural equation modeling to explore risk factors for homelessness among war veterans, whose vulnerability was found to be most likely to to a multiplicity of psychiatric and essay, non-psychiatric factors. This would confirm that alleviation of a broad range of stressors needs a broad range of adjustments. Since the we write, strains defined by student-counselors in their clients may be wrongly attributed to stressors, the top-down approach to modeling may be the way forward. The techniques of reverse engineering might be adopted. Puntambekar, Jablowlov and Sommer (1994) presented a review of the techniques available for reverse engineering, with particular emphasis on three-dimensional model generation.
It could be a promising way to introduce programming of the computer to strain-stress simulation and modeling. Reverse engineering is psychosynthesis, a methodology for constructing computer-aided design models of physical parts, in we write a narrative essay circumstances where the drawings of european, those parts are not available by a narrative essay the normal methods of (i) digitizing an existing prototype, (ii) creating a computer model and (iii) using it to manufacture the component. An analogy can be seen with strain-stressor relationships in absence of precise definition of stress. The criteria for a good model of stress would be simplicity, adequacy to facilitate counseling in known categories and flexibility to essay cope with new strains. At the base level, models are icons for images to how do we write hold a problem in view and remember the connections. Glenberg and Langston (1992) investigated the on richard, building of mental models by using pictures in text, suggesting that a picture might provide relatively easy maintenance of some other representational elements corresponding to parts in the picture, freeing up capacity for how do a narrative essay inference generation. Perhaps stress models should perform a similar function as a ‘holding and stacking area’, ready for landing the stress management and coping skills when the problem has been analyzed. The proliferation of models by brainstorming may be the only path to a definition of stress. However Kometsky and Markowitz (1978) drew attention to the danger of essays, superficial resemblances when evaluating the problem of how do a narrative essay, goodness of fit of a model. Holyoak and Thagard (1995) have acknowledged the usefulness of analogy in generating creative insights, but drew attention to examples of dangerous errors which can arise.
Mental models have been studied by Rhees (1983), Craik (1973) and essay on richard cory, Johnson-Laird (1991), who maintained that the mind constructs ‘small-scale models of reality that it uses to anticipate events, to how do reason and to underlie explanation. The models are constructed in working memory (the mind actively interpreting newly presented information and integrating previously stored information) as a result of perception, the comprehension of discourse or imagination. Their structure represents something about the world and can best be described in terms of ‘problem solving’. In problem solving the task of constructing a mental model involves making assumptions about the problem and understanding the meaning of lust for power essay, terms in how do a narrative the problem in order to reach a conclusion (solve the problem). However, an alternative model which is consistent with the statement of the problem might be possible. The Theory of european, Mental Models (Johnson, Laird and Byrne, 1991) predicts that a problem is how do a narrative essay, more difficult to classification essay of communication solve if more than one model has to how do we write essay be considered. Additional models impose a load on limited working memory.
External representations (colloquially the ‘rough work’ we do to classification essay of communication make models or solve problems) are in the world as physical symbols (e.g. written symbols, beads of abacuses, etc) or as external rules, constraints or relations embedded in physical configurations (e.g. spatial relations of written digits, visual and spatial layouts of diagrams, physical constraints in abacuses, etc.). Internal representations are in the mind as propositions, production schemas, mental images and other forms. A Narrative? According to Travers (1993) when one begins a problem-solving task one mentally visualizes and arranges the givens, so all representation commences as internal. Cox and essay on richard, Brna (1995) maintained that concerning the nature of internal representations, popularly debated within cognitive science, advocates can be found for the position that internal imagery is merely epiphenomenal (concomitant to a narrative it). External representations (Ers) are short lived or idiosyncratic. Studies in literacy show the important functions of Ers. The classical view on writing, originally developed by Aristotle and presently restated by Bloomfield (1993) and Sassure (1983) is that writing merely transcribes or re-represents speech from one Er in auditory form to essay cory another Er in a narrative visual form. Pemberton and Sharples (1996) supported the view that Ers are the markings that writers make, singly, or in collaboration, on complete essays montaigne some external medium such as a computer screen.
They include notes, topic lists, written plans, idea maps, outlines, or tables, concept maps, argument structures and annotations on the draft document in all its stages. An example of an Er is a simple ad-hoc sketch (or even a shape described in the air or via a trace with a finger on a desktop) indicating intentions that are too amorphous to express easily in how do we write a narrative words. Wood (1992), in essay on richard his studies of pairs of collaborating authors, pointed the authors to draw a large funnel shape to represent the overall structure of the paper, and later both authors cited different places in this shape when talking about the same parts of the paper. Pemberton and Sharples suggested the Ers could in some instances be too ambiguous and could be resolved by writing down a more precise form of words. When a sample of people is asked to a narrative essay describe their stress by placing it within a stress model, they give different answers to what the stress model meant to them as an individual. Student-tutor experiences with stress modeling suggests the need for essay re-examination of the thinking processes by which subject-independent models are generated both inside and outside this specific field. Promising directions seem to be those of essay, reverse engineering and essay on richard, computer-simulation of strain-stressor relationships, and a narrative, teaching enhanced skills in external representation. These will be the immediate directions of for power, future research in constructing stress models. Bloomfield L. (1993) Language.
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An integrated model of the data measurements and data generation processes within application to consumers’ expenditure. Economic Jouirnal, 105, full to wait, 54 -- 76. Pemberton L. and Sharples R. (1996) External Representations in the Writing Process and How to how do essay Support Them. AIEd 96 External Representations. Potthoff J.G., Holahan C.J. and Joiner T.E. (1995) Reassurance seeking, stress generation and depressive symptoms -- an cory, integrative model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 68, 4,664 -- 670. Puntambekar N.V., Jablokow A.G. and Sommer, H.J. (1994) Unified review of 3D model generation for reverse engineering. Computer integrated Manufacturing Systems, 7, 4, 259-268. Powell T. Essay? J. and Enright S. (1990) . Anxiety and Stress Management.
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Introduction Writing: Narrative Essay - SlideShare
chapter 5 homework See Chapter 1 for how do a narrative Disclaimer. Ranma sat down in master's thesis powerpoint, front of her husband's computer, not really knowing what to write. How Do We Write! She had a creative writing assignment in her English class, and creativity wasn't exactly her strong point, except when it came to complete essays montaigne the Art. We Write A Narrative! It didn't help her that the Roman keys made her nervous. It also didn't help that her husband was on lust essay, alert status for the weekend, and how do a narrative essay, couldn't help her.
Aw hell, might as well tell my life story. She chuckled to herself, as she began to hunt and peck her way across the keyboard. I doubt anyone is going to believe me anyway. My name's Reiko Sakai, and I'm a martial artist. Gray Questions! I'm also married to how do we write essay the oldest lieutenant in one of the fighter squadrons at Misawa Airbase. I've been training under my father for ten years straight. Unfortunately, he's a better sensei than father; and his training methods, while unorthodox and border on the deplorable and highly dangerous, especially for complete michel the student, are highly effective. Some of my father's techniques included having me be chased by we write essay, timber wolves to teach me to run faster; tying me to the back of of dorian gray questions a freight train to raise my endurance; teaching me to get around quicker, and I actually enjoy and use that particular skill; leaving me to a narrative fend for myself in classification essay, the woods while he'd be in town getting drunk and stuffing his face to teach me how to how do a narrative survive; oh, he'd sometimes forget to of communication pull his punches when we'd spar, especially if he were drunk. He'd turn anything into training—even eating. I think he did that just to feed his fat belly.
There was one technique though that really takes the cake, though. When I was six, my father found a technique manual for the Neko-ken, or Cat Fist. How Do! It's this supposedly unbeatable technique, but there's a draw back. To learn the technique, the student (that was me) must be tied up with fish products and thrown into a pit of cats, starved for essay three to we write a narrative four days. The student then either learns it by reverting to a cat-like state, or dies. The problem with the Neko-ken is that it's been banned for generations, because it drives the lust for power essay, student insane.
The student, should they survive, tends to be trapped in a feral cat-like state, or develops such an intense fear of how do we write a narrative cats that by being surrounded by them triggers the technique. Of course, I didn't learn it the gray essay, first time, so Pops threw me in several more times, with different fish products. I finally learned it; and how do we write a narrative, now I can't stand to the portrait of dorian gray be around cats for any extended amount of time. If I am, the how do, fear becomes so intense that I black out, and I'll revert to for power the cat-like state. How Do Essay! I found this out after spending some time with Amazons in for power, the hinterlands of China. The other thing Pops did was a never-ending search for we write the perfect training grounds for our school. I guess I should mention our school of martial arts. It's called Musabetsu Kakutou Sakai-ryu, and there are very few practitioners of the school. On Richard! Loosely translated the name means Indiscriminate Grappling or Anything Goes. Essay! What that means is that when we get into a challenge, we learn and then use our opponent's attacks against them.
Our school also uses taunts to enrage our opponent and make them loose their focus. For Power! Another thing our school specializes in how do essay, is aerial combat. We can launch into the air and fight as comfortably as if we are on the ground; from a standing start I can leap 20-30 feet into the air. Pops was great for teaching how to enrage someone; he'd do it to me multiple times when we'd spar, call me weak and girly. There is one other thing I guess I should mention. I wasn't always a girl; in fact when we started the training trip and for most of the trip, I was a boy. Like I said earlier, Pop's was always looking for the perfect training grounds. We wandered all over the world training with martial arts masters, learning their techniques. Well, our wandering took us into China, and deep into the hinterlands of that nation, to the Cursed Training Grounds of Jusenkyo. When we arrived, the one hundred or so springs were shrouded in a mist that made them seem less ominous than they actually are.
Pops and I jumped on to a bamboo stake located in different pool, launched into the air and began sparring. The PRC provides a guide at types of communication, the Springs to warn visitors against essay, the dangers of falling into one. He started babbling in pidgin Japanese about the dangers when I knocked my old man into one. He had just started saying something about the complete essays michel, Spring of Drowned Panda when my father, now in a narrative, his cursed form of a giant panda leapt out of the pool. Cory! I was so shocked, that Pops got in a clean shot in. I flew back, twisted around, and a narrative essay, grabbed on to a bamboo pole in powerpoint, a different pool. The pole snapped, and in I fell with a splash. I surfaced and felt different. Looking down, I saw what happened.
Well, hell yeah, I was in shock and passed out. Next thing I know, I'm in the Guide's hut. How Do A Narrative! The Guide looked at me with an apologetic look on his face. Sorry, Mr. Customer, the types, Guide said, you fall into how do a narrative Spring of Drowned Girl. Essays Michel Montaigne! The reverse of hot water does not work; the curse is permanent. At that point, I screamed, and ran out of the hut. I ran for most of the day and that night until I collapsed from exhaustion. We Write A Narrative! For the second time in as many days, I woke up to an unfamiliar ceiling, but this time surrounded by women. I would have made some sort of comment, or tried to fight my way out, not that I liked fighting women. This old troll pogoed up to my cot and looked at me.
I tried to sit up, but the local healer wouldn't let me, until she felt I was ready to. She spoke first in thesis, Mandarin. When I indicated I didn't understand her, she switched to Japanese. You should consider yourself lucky, young lady, that our patrol found you and not the Musk. They have no compunctions about turning you into one of their breeding stock. I shuddered on the cot, I was still a guy inside, and that sort of thing frightened the how do we write a narrative, piss out of me. Yeah, Pops tried to make me a man amongst men by teaching me Anything Goes Hentai Martial Arts when I was 15 at a Bangkok brothel did make me lose my virginity, and it was fun, but I didn't learn any techniques from it.
At the time, because of my condition, I really didn't appreciate what I had learned in classification types, Bangkok happening to me. Oh yeah, Pops got caught by the Thai police and thrown in jail for essay prostitution, since money changed hands. The girls of the complete essays, Bangkok Chicken Ranch adopted me until Oyaji was released on his own recognizance. Of course, we weren't supposed to leave the country, but we did. I think there's an international warrant out for his arrest. What's you're name, child, the how do a narrative, old troll asked me.
R-Reiko Sakai, I replied, a little hesitantly. All these feelings and different sensations, and whatnot had my system on classification essay of communication, permanent overload. Hm…what were you doing on how do, the trail up from Jusenkyo? I sighed, and essay on richard cory, began my tale of woe. Of how my father took me away from my home when I was 6 on a ten-year training trip, the techniques I was taught, of the places we've trained at.
I finished with our adventure yesterday at Jusenkyo, and how I wound up as a girl. The Elder turned and said something in Mandarin. How Do! I guess it was an order, because the guards in my hut turned and complete, left, but the healer remained. She then looked back at me, regarding me almost as a cat does the canary. I am Kuh Lon, an Elder of the Joketsuzoku Amazons. I know all about Jusenkyo, child, particularly the Spring that you had the misfortune of falling in. Balm, here, she gestured to how do a narrative the healer, is one of for power those unfortunates that fell in.
She was a doctor, and was adopted into our tribe. Many of our warriors and non-warriors were cursed in that particular spring. If you are willing, Reiko, I will petition the Council to adopt you into how do we write a narrative essay our tribe. I…I'll think about it, I told her, as I lay back on the cot. To be perfectly honest, I didn't know what to expect. Thesis Powerpoint! I was a girl—the creature my panda of a father told me was weak—being offered a membership into how do essay a tribe of women warriors. Balm looked at me. Classification Types! Your ki reserves are still extremely low. You need to rest, young one.
I will have some food and a narrative, drink brought it. I nodded and closed my eyes… Only to be poked what seemed like a minute later. A young Amazon with lavender hair was standing by my bed, a tray loaded with food in of communication, her hands. We Write A Narrative! Ranma want food, yes? She asked in broken, pidgin Japanese. I nodded and she set the tray down. Taking up the chopsticks, I began to complete essays devour my food at Sakai speed. Well, that was until I noticed my father wasn't there trying to steal my food.
I may have said it earlier, but I'll state it again. My old man turned anything into essay a training exercise—even eating. If I wasn't fast enough, he'd steal food out from under my nose. It taught me how to be faster, and improved my hand and eye coordination, but I usually wound up tasting my food after I'd eaten it. And this training was apparent on the young Amazon's face while I was eating. With a sheepish grin, I apologized. Sorry… Shampoo.
I grinned at her, because I couldn't get the pronunciation of her name in Mandarin down. Psychosynthesis! Shampoo saw my smile and started laughing. I guess they say laughter is the best medicine, because when I started laughing, I began to feel a lot better. I spent close to a year, something like nine or ten months, with the Amazons, and a narrative, it was probably the essay of communication, best thing that happened to how do essay me until recently. I told Cologne that I wanted to be just an honorary member, not a full member. Classification Essay Types! I explained to her that I still had family in Japan, and wasn't ready to give it up yet. The Elder understood, and in how do a narrative, a brief ceremony calling upon their goddesses, I became an classification honorary Amazon and a near-sister to how do we write essay Shampoo, mainly because I got the somewhat lonely Amazon warrior to powerpoint lighten up, and look at things from a different perspective. How Do We Write! Heck, I didn't even know I was going to essay types be named her near-sister; it came as a surprise when Shampoo gave me the Kiss of Sisterhood.
But it's nice that I have a sister that I can talk to, even if it is just writing back and forth. I wonder how she handled Mu Tsu. The time was well spent after the ceremony. They taught me, not only their particular brand of we write martial arts, but also who I had become. Essays! But at the same time, some of the more rigid Amazons, some who still thought that I was a guy underneath my appearance, tried making me do menial labor, more appropriate to a slave.
Apparently to them, my status as an we write honorary Amazon wasn't worth camel spit. Which was something else that annoyed me—the way men were treated. But there was no way I could change a system like that, and even Cologne, the most liberal of the Elders when it came to males, would be unable to affect a change in the status quo, so there would be nothing changed. Some of the more liberal, I guess would be the best word I can use, Amazons, particularly those that were cursed liked me, treated the questions, males with a little more respect. I tried my hardest to keep an even keel and we write a narrative essay, not piss of those Elders that wanted Cologne to suffer a loss of face.
Balm became my mentor in psychosynthesis, a number of things—especially when it came to that time of the month. I was freaking out when the how do we write essay, bleeding started; I had no idea about on richard cory a menstrual cycle, or periods. She calmed me down, told me what to do, and gave me, in better detail than my old man, a lesson in sex ed. Sure, I learned a lot at that brothel in Bangkok, especially after Pops was in jail, but that was as a guy. For a girl, it was different. I still get a little queasy when I remember Balm's training. Not only was she my mentor, but Balm also became an almost surrogate mother to me.
There were nights that I couldn't sleep, especially right after I was cursed. Pops raised me to be a man among, and how do we write a narrative essay, the shock to my ego was too much for me to handle. Essay Of Communication! I would cry throughout the how do we write a narrative essay, night, and powerpoint, Balm would be there to comfort me; let me cry myself out on her shoulder. She would tell me that she went through the same emotional turmoil that I was going through. How Do We Write A Narrative Essay! I put a brave front up during the essay on richard, day, but nights were when I could let my emotions out, when Balm and we write essay, I were alone in the hut we shared. Slowly, though, Balm got me to classification types of communication express myself, and my emotions to the outside world. Like I said, it was time well spent, so it was difficult when I left to go home. I wanted to find my mother, to talk to her. At the time, I didn't know about the seppuku contract I supposedly signed when I was 6. Kuh Lon arranged for a passport and visa through the Japanese Embassy, since Pops and I swam across the Sea of how do we write essay Japan. I ran into Mom near one of the malls in the Juban district of Tokyo. I didn't know how to approach her, but I eventually did.
It was hard for the both of us to admit that I was once her son. On Richard! But I wasn't happy with what her decision was. Sitting in the food court, she showed me the contract that my father and I signed and told me that I two choices for failing to be a man amongst men—appease family honor and how do essay, commit seppuku, or be disowned and expelled from the Sakai clan. Psychosynthesis! Very harsh decisions for me to make, but my family has a samurai lineage that goes back to the Tokugawa era, so honor is everything to my family. I told my mother that I'm too young to essay die; that I had a full life to live ahead of me. Very well, she told me. Master's Thesis! Then my son is truly dead to me.
Good day, madam. With that, she stood and walked out of the food court. I left Tokyo and wandered around the we write a narrative, country until early December. It was hard for me during that time to find food, let alone work. European! The various Shinto shrines and temples that dotted the countryside provided me food and shelter for work at the shrine. It wasn't the best of arrangements—there were times that I had to essay leave in the middle of the night because the priest was a pervert, and I didn't want my body violated. When Pops and I were on our training trip, we lived off the land. But we at least had a tent. When I left the for power essay, Joketsuzoku, I didn't exactly have a tent with me, but Kuh Lon had provided enough funds for me to make it to the nearest city with a Japanese consulate, so that I could retrieve my passport and visa, and to arrange for transportation back to Tokyo.
But not enough for how do a narrative essay much camping equipment. By the time I reached Misawa, I'd taken to living under bridges, in culverts, abandoned buildings, basically someplace that I could get overhead cover to avoid getting raped. So I was getting sick. By the time the first snows hit northern Japan, I wasn't feeling all that well. Complete Essays Montaigne! Heck, I was probably getting pneumonia, I wasn't feeling all that well anymore. I'd taken to how do a narrative essay living in the doorway of the old building just off base. My husband found me in the doorway, ready to give up the ghost. I was feverish, coughing up green stuff, I wasn't thinking right. But when he helped me out, he did it out of concern for my well-being.
It was like he was a knight in shining armor out of a cheesy romance novel or shoujo anime. I apparently passed out, and the next thing I know, I'm warm, lying in a bed. That threw me for a loop. European Psychosynthesis! I opened my eyes, and how do we write essay, the first sight that greeted me was a B-29 being attacked by an A6M. I closed them and cory, reopened them. It turned out that my husband was a model builder.
I was in an unfamiliar room, naked. I was about to we write scream like there was no tomorrow, when something told me I should just double check. Warm? Yes. Dry? Definitely. I woke my savior up, using a little known Amazon technique—yelling in his ear. We talked for a while; I explained why I was in the dire situation that I was. He made an offer that I really couldn't refuse.
Although, there was still that little bit of male sitting in the back of my head, I protested, stating I was still a guy. Patiently, he explained the complete michel montaigne, situation, based on what I had told him. And I realized that I should have remembered that, since I'd been like this for over a year at a narrative, this point. I still held on to the foolish notion that some how I could regain my lost masculinity. A part of my mind, the one that Balm and master's thesis powerpoint, Kuh Lon grew and nurtured, was reminding me that the curse was permanent; that I couldn't regain what the lone permanent spring that doesn't kill the recipient of the curse, like Nissanniichuan, the Spring of how do we write a narrative essay Drowned Nissan Pathfinder*. We spent that first day together shopping, stopping at thesis powerpoint, the…he called it the chow hall, but it was more like a cafeteria that what I expected a chow hall to look like, for lunch first. As I showered when we got back to how do essay his quarters, I finally made the decision to let my past life die in the Springs; that it was time for me to master's thesis embrace the woman that I was. How Do We Write A Narrative! Now, I wasn't gay or anything when I was a guy. Types Of Communication! Heck, the we write a narrative, girls at Chicken Ranch were quite impressed with my stamina, and essay on richard cory, a couple of the girls who were Japanese gave me the nickname of we write essay ran ma. Of Dorian! But it's just that I've spent the we write a narrative, past year as a girl. Balm explained to me that different hormones and chemistry would cause me to european psychosynthesis become more female over time.
She even explained a bit of how do we write essay her history to me; that she had a successful practice in the Nerima ward of Tokyo, as a chiropractor and general practitioner, along with a few esoteric specializations in acupuncture and moxibustion, until she left the of dorian gray essay, ward to we write a narrative find her center. Which was how she wound up cursed by Jusenkyo, and continued to practice her medical arts for the Amazons. That was three years ago, and two years ago, Balm married Da Ger, a promising apprentice under the psychosynthesis, village wordsmith Ra Zor. When I got out of the shower and dressed, the Lieutenant asked me to marry him. How Do We Write! He was so cute as he did it on bended knee, waffling as he made his speech. For a man almost twice my age, he sure is easily flustered. But I love him anyway. We had a quick wedding; I got my new identity and psychosynthesis, put my past behind me. Except for my martial arts.
That's something I'll never give up. And now I have an added surprise for my darling husband. He wanted to learn my family martial arts, so I started him out with a series of we write a narrative beginning katas. Well, I sort of pushed him a little too far, and wore him out. So while he was recuperating in the tub, we…well I won't go into that, but suffice to say in about eight months, we're going to have a new member to the family. And I could care less if I don't meet my mother's expectations about me being a man amongst men; I'm going to be a mother. * This particular spring was found on for power essay, Brian Drozd's webpage.
For a semi-complete list of the how do, springs, both official, Takahasi created, and fanfic author created, visit , replacing the underscores with periods.