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Critical thinking exam 2014

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Critical thinking exam 2014

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Assessing Critical Thinking in Higher Education: Current State and

arguementation essay Sure, you’re a lover not a fighter. I am too. But that doesn’t mean that you can avoid writing your argumentative essay! Since you have to write an argumentative essay, you might as well learn how to write it well, right? I’ve said it time and critical exam 2014 time again—there’s nothing worse than staring at a blank page. Putting together an argumentative essay outline is the perfect way to turn your blank document into a ready-to-use template. 3 Major Elements? All you have to do is thinking exam 2014 fill in 3 major elements the blanks! In this blog post, I’m going to share with you how to create an argumentative essay outline. At the thinking end, I’ll give you a downloadable skeleton outline you can use to get started.

Structure of the Argumentative Essay Outline. That’s not so bad! There’s really nothing to be afraid of. Here’s how your argumentative essay outline would look if you turned it into a pretty picture: Each of Project these four sections requires some important elements. Let’s break those down now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 1: Your Intro. Your introduction is where you lay the foundation for your impenetrable argument. It’s made up of thinking exam a hook, background information, and a thesis statement. To Your? 1. Exam? Hook. Your first sentence is comprised of uf dissertation checklist a “hook.” Don’t know what a hook is? A hook is a sentence that grabs your reader’s attention just like a good Jackie Chan movie grabs the attention of a martial arts fan.

Let’s say I’m writing an argumentative essay about why American people should start eating insects. Critical? My hook could be, “For those interested in improving their diets and the environment, say ‘goodbye’ to eating chicken, fish, and beef and ‘hello’ to eating silk worms, crickets, and caterpillars.” If you’re having trouble coming up with a good hook, I recommend reading my blog post How to Write Good Hook Sentences. 2. Background information. In Public Places Opinion? The next part of your intro is dedicated to offering some detailed background information on your topic. Try answering the following questions: What is the issue at hand? Who cares? Where is this issue prevalent? Why is it important? For example, “Insects are abundant, nutritious, and environmentally sustainable. Currently, people in the United States shun the thinking exam idea of eating insects as part of their diets, favoring instead less nutritious and environmentally destructive food options, such as beef and pork. The UN recently issued a statement calling for more world citizens to embrace the many benefits of eating insects.” 3. Thesis.

Your thesis typically makes up the last sentence of smoking places your intro paragraph. This is where you clearly state your position on the topic and thinking exam give a reason for your stance. For example, “A diet of insects can help fix problems related to starvation, obesity, and climate change, and essay for kids therefore, United States citizens should learn to critical 2014, rely on a variety of insects over chicken, beef, and fish as their main source of protein and for kids nutrition.” Notice the critical 2014 word “should” in my thesis statement? Using this word makes it clear I’m taking a stance on the argument. You’ll also notice that my thesis statement sets up the three claims I’m going to expand on Team, later: a diet of insects can help fix problems related to starvation, obesity, and climate change. Let’s talk about adding those claims to our argumentative essay outline now. Critical Thinking 2014? Argumentative Essay Outline Section 2: Developing Your Argument. Now that you have filled in web design the general points of your topic and outlined your stance in the introduction, it’s time to develop your argument. In my sample outline, I show three claims, each backed by three points of critical evidence. Offering three claims is just a suggestion; you may find that you only have two claims to make, or four.

The exact number of claims you choose to include doesn’t matter (unless, of smoking places essay course, your teacher has given you a specific requirement). What matters is that you develop your argument as thoroughly as possible. 1. What is a claim? A claim is a statement you make to support your argument. For example, “Bugs are highly nutritious and eating them can fix the problem of hunger and malnutrition in the United States.” Great! So I’ve made my claim. But who’s going to believe me? This is where evidence comes into play. Critical Exam? 2. What is evidence? For each claim you make, you need to provide supporting evidence. Evidence is factual information from reliable sources.

It is introduce yourself classmates essay not personal knowledge or anecdotal. For example, “Researchers at critical thinking exam 2014 the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United States state that ‘Termites are rich in protein, fatty acids, and other micronutrients. Fried or dried termites contain 32–38 percent proteins.’“ My outline shows three pieces of evidence to support each claim, but you may find that each claim doesn’t necessarily have three pieces of evidence to back it. Once again, the exact number doesn’t necessarily matter (unless your teacher has given you instructions), but you need enough evidence to make your claim believable. Once you have gathered your evidence to introduce yourself to your, support your claims, it’s time to add the exam next important element of your argumentative essay outline: refuting your opponents’ arguments. Let’s talk about that now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 3: Refuting Opponents’ Arguments. In this section, you state your opponents’ views and on space then offer a rebuttal. For example, “Opponents of insect eating from the Beef Council of America say that it is too difficult and time consuming to catch crickets, so it is critical thinking exam not easy to gather enough food for in public, a meal, whereas a cow is thinking exam 2014 large and contains a lot of meat for many meals.” Oh diss! We know the Beef Council just wants us to keep eating McD’s hamburgers and 3 major elements skip the cricket soup. (By the critical thinking exam way—I just made that up. The Beef Council did not say that.

In your essay, make sure to use real facts.) Now it’s time to elements of essay, set the opponents straight with a refutation that is critical thinking exam 2014 full of elements hard evidence and that will bring them to thinking, their knees. For example, “According to researchers Cerritos and yourself to your essay Cano-Santana, the best time to critical exam, harvest crickets is to Project UpdatE, catch them in the hour just before sunrise when they are least active. What’s more, it is critical thinking exam easy to develop the infrastructure to farm crickets in a way that is more sustainable than cattle farming.” Booyah! The Beef Council has been served (crickets). Once you have refuted your opponents’ viewpoints, it’s time to sail to the finish line with your conclusion. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 4: Conclusion. In your conclusion, you are going to accomplish two important tasks. Smoking In Public Essay? 1. Restate the importance of your issue.

Similar to what you did in your introduction, you want to restate why this topic is critical. For example, “Simply by incorporating insects into their diets, U.S. citizens can improve the sustainability and nutrition of the American diet.” 2. Paint a picture of the world if your argument is (or is not) implemented. Critical Thinking? In the final part of your conclusion, make your audience think about the in public places ramifications of thinking your argument. What would happen if people started eating insects as a staple of essay on space their diets? For example, “The world would be a better place if more people ate insects as a part of thinking 2014 their diets. Fewer people would go hungry, more people would get the essay on space for kids vitamins, minerals, and micronutrients they need to live healthy lifestyles, and our planet would be relieved of the burden of an critical exam 2014, unsustainable food system.

Closing with a clear picture of the world as you would like it to be can leave your reader convinced that your argument is valid. Download the Argumentative Essay Outline Template. Download this skeleton Argumentative Essay Outline to get started. Before you go off into the sunset and use my outline template, make sure that you are following the elements of essay guidelines specific to your course. While this is a pretty standard outline, there are other ways to outline your argumentative essay. If you’re interested in learning more about argumentative essays, I suggest reading The Secrets of a Strong Argumentative Essay. Want even more knowledge? Check out this argumentative essay infographic! If you’re looking for critical exam, some ideas, check out these argumentative essay examples. When you have your argumentative essay and UpdatE outline ready to go, you can always have one of our awesome editors give it a second look.

Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over critical 2014, 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Naomi Tepper is a former Kibin editor, the former content manager for the Kibin blog, and forever a word nerd. Team UpdatE? wow this was really help full.

Super! I#8217;m really happy to help. #128578; Hi I have a 20 minute presentation to do on the history of cognitive-behaviour therapy. Don#8217;t know where to begin. Is this the same as doing an argument. Thinking Exam? This sounds more like an expository essay. An expository essay (or presentation in your case) has the goal of informing the audience on a specific topic. Usually you don#8217;t take an argumentative stance for or against these topics. Essay? For more information on expository writing visit: hi i need some help on an argument . The topic is internet a guide or a distraction. i hope u can help. Do you think the internet is critical thinking exam 2014 a guide or a distraction? I would suggest writing a thesis statement like this: You could focus on arguing for the internet: #8220;The internet is introduce to your a useful guide as shown by evidence 1, evidence 2, and evidence 3.#8221; OR you could focus on arguing against the internet: #8220;The internet is an annoying distraction as shown by evidence 1, evidence 2, and evidence 3.#8221; OR, and this is the best option, you could focus on arguing how to best use the internet:

#8220;The internet can be both a useful guide as shown by evidence 1 and evidence 2, but it can also be an critical exam, annoying distraction as shown by evidence 3 and evidence 4. It is 3 major elements of essay important to set personal limits on 2014, web use including solution 1, solution 2, and solution 3.#8221; Personal limits could include things such as limiting yourself to viewing only specific websites during work/study hours, limiting overall time online, and essay on space other things like that! Hi Liz, well first you need to pick a side. What do you think? Should they have their licenses revoked? Then you need to come up with a few reasons for why you think this. Can you find any examples of how this tactic has worked (or hasn#8217;t worked). What about people who lose their licenses for other (criminal) reasons, is critical thinking 2014 this type of punishment effective?

Why or why not? Come up with approx three claims to support your side. Find some evidence to support your claims. Smoking In Public Places Opinion? Lay out how each of the two authors approach the topic of the Crusades. What do they have in common? What is different? Super happy to help! thank you so much for exam 2014, this! You are welcome so much! Thanks for smoking opinion, reading. #128578; Hi, I am writing an argumentative essay on freedom of speech rights and the 1st amendment and I have two sides of the thinking exam 2014 argument.

I am for freedom of speech if it doesn#8217;t harm other people and I have some cases where the supreme court are avoiding the uf dissertation checklist laws stated in the amendment but I#8217;m on the court#8217;s side of restricting inappropriate speech in a school environment. How should I start out my argument? I think you need to critical, combine your two perspectives into one focused argument. Do you, perhaps, want to elements, argue that inappropriate speech in a school environment is exam actually harmful to other people? That way, it falls into your first argument (pro-free speech as long as it#8217;s not harmful) quite nicely. Good luck! it has helped a lot #8230;#8230; great work. Thanks! Glad you liked it. Web Design? #128578; Thank you very much :)) You are welcome!

Thanks for reading #128578; HI, I am writing an argumentative essay on how different governments should provide additional funding to increase awareness of human trafficking, prevent human trafficking, and help victims who have been trafficked. I am not sure where to start from. Hisome of exam 2014 these example essays on human trafficking may give you ideas on how to get started: Hi, I am writing an argumentative essay on how is social media like Facebook or Twitter beneficial or harmful to places opinion, its users? I am not sure how to start from there. Hi Rosie you might find inspiration on how to get started by reviewing some of these example essays on critical thinking exam 2014, social media: Hi, i was wondering if in the conclusion of the yourself to your classmates essay you need to end it with a question, something for the reader to exam, continue to think about after reading or is it unnecessary? Great question! Asking a larger question is definitely one great conclusion technique.

Some teachers/profs really like this, while others prefer that you tie everything up with a neat little bow. I recommend you check out this post on uf dissertation, the topic of thinking exam 2014 conclusions: This helped a lot! Thanks, love how its broken down. Web Design? I have a question though.

Should the thinking 2014 conclusion have its own paragraph or can I include the conclusion with opponents argument? I definitely recommend giving your conclusion its own paragraph. You don#8217;t want to leave your readers hanging on to just your opponent#8217;s argument! You can learn more about writing conclusions in this post: Helped me to assignment, help my students #128578; I was wondering if you can show a sample essay with these elements in use? Thank you #128578; Awesome! I love to hear that. That#8217;s a really great idea#8230; and one that I intend to implement in upcoming blog posts. However, at this time I don#8217;t readily have access to a knock out example. Naomi. Critical? HELP.

I am having a hard time with my argumentative research essay on drug testing to receive state benefits a.e. Web Design Assignment? T.A.N.F, food stamps.. I#8217;m getting so frustrated and I dont have any idea where to critical thinking, begin.. I found it very useful! Thanks a lot #128512; You#8217;re welcome a lot! Thanks for assignment, reading. #128578; thanks helped me a lot luv your work 3. can u do a website on argumentiv wtiting starters plz im a begener. OMG. THX so much this helped a ton. You are so welcome! Thanks for reading. Thinking Exam? #128578; You#8217;re welcome!

Wow that#8217;s a great idea for an essay. Web Design? Very intriguing. is 2014 this guide ok for an eight grader test. Yasss#8230;This blog is reliable#8230;Thanks ? Woot! Glad you like it. #128578; I#8217;m happy to hear it. #128578; Thanks for your comment. I have to write an argumentative. Assignment? research essay about the career of my choice, which is sports marketing. I#8217;m not sure what type of arguments I need to make. Am I defending my choice of careers? Am I talking about it#8217;s importance in the world? It#8217;s just something I am interested in critical 2014 so I am not sure how to write an argumentative paper about checklist, it. I have to write an argumentative research essay about the exam 2014 career of my choice, which is sports marketing.

I#8217;m not sure what type of arguments I need to make. Am I defending my choice of to your classmates essay careers? Am I talking about thinking exam, it#8217;s importance in the world? It#8217;s just something I am interested in so I am not sure how to write an argumentative paper about it. Hi thereI#8217;d double check your assignment for clues on introduce to your essay, how to approach this. If there really aren#8217;t any additional clues, I would go with your first instinct to defend your choice of critical exam careers. Why are you interested? Is the pay worth it?

What makes you cut out for this career in uf dissertation checklist particular? A thesis statement might look like: Sports marketing is the perfect career choice for me as it will allow me to use my strengths in XYZ, make a decent income, all while keeping me interested and critical thinking engaged. Then use the web design assignment rest of your essay to critical exam 2014, fill out in public places opinion, those key points. Thanks! That#8217;s helpful. Critical Thinking 2014? Here#8217;s what the assignment says: #8220;In your argumentative research essay, you will a) conduct research about a successful and realistic career of your choice, b) use this research and accompanying commentary and places opinion rhetoric to create an argument that you will eventually present and defend to critical exam, a group of peers. This assignment serves to create a foundation for personal statements, resumes and CVs, and even interviews in which you will be asked about your chosen career path and its significance to you. The evidence you collect during your research should support and of essay justify your pursuit of any given career.#8221; Do you think I will be on track if I use your suggested thesis? YesI do. You#8217;ll also want to find some hard facts and exam statistics to support your claims.

For example, dig up how much it will cost for you to get your degree and 3 major of essay weigh that against your potential income. You#8217;ll want to thinking, start with a clear thesis statement. Yourself? I assume that when you say you are pro-Hungary this means that you feel the country shouldn#8217;t be required to thinking, accept refugees? If so, your thesis statement might look something like this: Hungary should not be required to accept Syrian refugees because of reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Introduce To Your Classmates Essay? Orif you think the country should help. You would start with a thesis like this: Hungary should be required to accept Syrian refugees because of reason 1, reason 2, and 2014 reason 3. Yourself? Glad to help! Thanks for your comment.

Hi ! I need help in writing a good thesis statement on the advantages and exam disadvantages of using a cell phone. Smoking In Public Places? Please help. I need to submit it on thursday. Plz Plz help. This one is pretty straightforward.

You can frame it like this: Cell phone use has many advantages such as A, and critical thinking B, but some disadvantages such as C. Or you could flip it: Cell phone use has many disadvantages such as A, and B, but some advantages such as C. Fill in A, B, and C with your actual research. Thank you so much Naomi. This is essay a great help. Hi ! I need to write a thesis statement on the topic, #8216;Element of hamartia in Hamlet, Love song of J Alfred and Agamemnon. I need a thesis statement on this.

I have written Unable to take the correct decision at the right time can lead to a tragic end. Thinking? To be able to make that correct decision one must have the confidence otherwise it can have a tragic end as it happened to the protagonists in Hamlet, Agamemnon and The Love song of J. Assignment? Alfred. Do you think this is ok, if not can you help me please in writing a good thesis statement. Thank you. I think you have the right idea, but your version is unclear and a bit repetitive. How about this edit? Being unable to make the right decision at critical thinking exam the right time can lead to elements of essay, a tragic end, which is exactly what happened to exam 2014, the protagonists in Hamlet, Agamemnon, and The Love song of J. Alfred.

Thank you Naomi so very much. This is elements of essay great. Thinking Exam? I can go ahead now. You#8217;re welcome, Rachel! First you#8217;ll need to come up with a thesis statement.

For example: Public schools should be divided by sex because of reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Then choose reasons that you can support with evidence from smoking places, your research. this really works thanks. Glad it worked for you, Rose! Thanks for exam 2014, your comment. Thanks but I#8217;m having trouble coming up with a good topic that is strong and worthy to be argued but not boring. I want to do something that isn#8217;t a popular topic like is texting and driving bad anu advice. thank you so much. I have to write an in public places opinion essay, argumentative essay on Poverty and critical Illiteracy. I have already looked up my citations.

But I don#8217;t know how to break down my citations. Could you help me please? I#8217;m not sure whether you need to write APA, MLA, or some other type of citation, but I have some blog posts that can help: MLA is how I need to write it. Oh lordy this blog is ammmaaazzzinnnng. Why thank you! I appreciate you readinnnnnng! can you send me your project on my email [emailprotected] Ikr like wowww #8230;I am so grateful to Team UpdatE, reach up on critical thinking exam, it. can u send me your project on my email [emailprotected] . I#8217;m supposed to uf dissertation, create an argumentative essay that Rome was a superior society to Han China. Critical 2014? Thank you so much. Smoking In Public Places? I think this is super helpful. Now my next problem is if I can fit it all onto exam 2014 one page. (That#8217;s the limit our teacher gave us. he wants to web design, see if we can make brief statements that speak many words with little words written) Funnyis that a common assignment this month?

You#8217;re not the first student to ask me about this Romans v Hans. A topic that large is thinking 2014 going to on space, be very difficult to explore in a single pagebut hey, it#8217;s a good exercise in concision. In any caseat the risk of sounding sales-ythe Kibin editing team is really good at meticulously cutting an essay down to size if you end up going over critical exam 2014, that one-page limit. You can learn more about our editing service here: I really don#8217;t understand the uf dissertation refuting part. When you refute something, you take your opponent#8217;s argument and rip it to shreds. Critical Exam 2014? So for example, say your opponent#8217;s biggest argument is that Donald Trump is the uf dissertation best candidate for U.S. president, you could counter that argument by pointing out that he has zero experience in politics. hello again. I don#8217;t know if you got my resent reply but I was trying to ask and see if you could give me a little advice on some good resources involving work laws for teens. This is critical thinking exam really helped a lot.

I was able to do my argumentative essay after reading this. It also explained clearly what I was looking for. Thank you! 3. You are so welcome! Glad to help. #128578; thanks a lot! this helped me create my english paper!

Sweet! Love to hear that. Introduce To Your Classmates? #128578; Thank you so much. Thinking 2014? You saved my last semester of college! (From a French canadian currently having English Classes) Hey! Thanks for the great comment. You really made my day! I wish you the very best in your English classes. Woot! Happy to help. #128578; Fantastic! So happy to assignment, hear it. #128578; I#8217;m writing about functionalism and Weberianism.

Compare and contrast them and discuss briefly how concepts from the two theories contribute to the knowledge of health practitioners. Please hook me up!! Love this blog. What email address I can sent my essay to get fix? And how long do I have to wait to get it back. Thank you. Hi Trinh Le, I love that you love it. #128578; Thanks for the comment. To have an essay edited, please visit us here: Thinking? Our editors can have your essay back in as few as 3 hours (depending on word count). Smoking In Public Places Opinion Essay? I#8217;m in love with this blog.

I was totally dreading the argumentative essay outline but now I#8217;m kind of pumped thanks to 2014, your (absolutely hilarious) examples! Awesome! I love hearing this. Writing can be fun as long as you don#8217;t actively dread it. #128578; THANK YOU SO MUCH PLEASE WISH ME LUCK FOR MY ENGLISH EXAM TOMORROW SINCE ARGUMENTATIVE IS GOING TO BE INCLUDED IN THE EXAM TOMORROW I SHOULD#8217;VE ADD THE EVIDENCE FOR THE CLAIM HAHAHAHA O??? Thanks for reading! #128578; This saved my life. Thank you so much! Sweet! Happy to be a lifesaver. I need this argumentative essay for tmm#8230; if crickets should be added to uf dissertation, lunch school I need a sting essay I#8217;m in 11 grade my opinion is yes crickets should be added. Hi there, the outline in this post should help you a lot!

As for 2014, your thesis statement, you could write something like: Crickets should be added to the school lunch menu because they are both nutritious and inexpensive. For the rest of checklist your essay, talk about how you know they are nutritious and thinking exam inexpensive (hint, do your research!). Uf Dissertation? I never understood the exam way my teacher taught this until I found this blog. It has helped me write a better argumentative essay. Thanks. You#8217;re welcome!

Thanks for reading. #128578; Awesome! I love to hear feedback like this. Thanks for reading! Thanks a lot mate helped me so much. Super! Happy to help. Essay For Kids? You#8217;re super welcome! Happy to help.

Thank You sooo much for thinking 2014, this blog. This has given me a chance to structure my assignment even better. Essay On Space For Kids? THANKS xx. Thanks so much for reading! Happy to critical thinking, help. I#8217;m writing about functionalism and Weberianism.

Compare and contrast them and discuss briefly how concepts from the two theories contribute to 3 major elements, the knowledge of health practitioners. Please hook me up!! Your topic is a bit over my head, but you may be able to get the creative juices flowing by using our compare/contrast thesis statement generator: Thinking? You#8217;re welcome! Thanks for reading. My name is Haley and i have to do an argumentative essay for LA and my topic is#8230;#8230;..In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to an abortion? what should i put as a hook? The hook you choose will definitely depend on your stance on the topic. Uf Dissertation Checklist? If your paper is pro-choice, you could start with a shocking statistic about the number of thinking exam 2014 women who go through illegal/dangerous abortions during times and places where abortion is illegal. If your paper is for kids pro-life, you might start with an emotional appeal about the life of an unborn fetus being cut short.

This is very helpful. I was having trouble getting started on writing but now I feel a lot more confident in my subject. Thanks for the breakdown. Happy you found it useful. Thanks for reading! Glad to hear that! M hving trouble with introduction on smoking restriction. Can you help me with introducing on smoking restriction topic and thesis as well.

I#8217;m going to thinking, assume that you are taking a stance in favor of smoking restriction. A hook would be a shocking statistic about the health risks of secondhand smoke to elements, non-smokers. Here is critical a good source to get you started: A thesis statement framework might look like this: Smoking restrictions are critical to public health due to reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. You might also try our thesis statement builder: Of Essay? Naomi! youre amazing! this has really clarified this topic for me. thank you! Well, thank you, Neil! This comment was a great way to start my Friday. #128578; Wow, this is really good. I have been reading about academic reading and writing every day for 9 wks. I have to write a 1200-1500 word argumentative essay for my 1st university assessment. This is by far the most helpful article I have read. Well done and thanks. Heaps.

Fantastic! Happy to help. I have to write a argumentative essay and the topic is: Should Homeland security and the CIA treat terrorist better? Aren#8217;t they people too? I#8217;m not sure what exactly im suppose to do or how to start it. Thinking? thank you ms.Naomi that was really helpful. Do you add in a rebuttal for each of your points?? That is certainly one way to elements, approach an 2014, argumentative essay. Of Essay? Take an opponent#8217;s view on each of your arguments and then crush it with your rebuttal.

Or, if you follow the outline I gave you in critical thinking exam 2014 this post, just include a section to crush one or two common opponent arguments. Thank you, this was very helpful and in the same time funny! good way to make interesting!! This was very helpful, but I still have some hesitation, my last important paper is an Argumentative Research, and this will be my first one. I already have a thesis chosen and I#8217;m just kinda confuse about what facts I need to assignment, collect, but its just getting information that will back up my thesis,correct? Hi thereyes, as long as you have a good defendable thesis, you should be able to find sources to support your stance. Here is critical exam 2014 a blog post about smoking essay, making sure your sources are credible: Thanks for answering but I#8217;m having a difficult time trying to find and discern what will be helpful in critical my paper. Yourself To Your Classmates? My paper being about Human Rights specifically Minority/Indigenous Rights. This was so helpful!

But, I do have a couple of questions. Is there a secret to writing a killer hook? What is the 2014 best way to state your claim in the introduction? You might need to also read these posts: Thank you so much for the helpful info. I definitely owe a get out of jail free card. Awesome, I could definitely use it. Assignment? #128578; Seriously very usefull tips i like it #128578; How many paragraphs is this? The argumentative essay outline is 6 paragraphs as it stands, but you can definitely alter it to suit your purposes by adding or subtracting body paragraphs as needed.

Usually your hook sentence is critical thinking 2014 separate from your thesis statement. The hook is the introduce first sentence in critical thinking exam 2014 the intro paragraph, while your thesis statement is Team typically the last sentence in this paragraph. Sometimes you will add some background information too. So an critical 2014, intro is Hook-background info-thesis statement. Here#8217;s a revision of your sentence: ADD A HOOK SENTENCE OR TWO HERE. We live in essay 21st century, and critical 2014 many gender roles are outdated and shouldn#8217;t affect our lives in the ways they did before. One of these outdated gender roles is the idea that only boys can ask girls outgirls should be able to ask boys out too. this is very useful#8230; but I can not write argument for my research paper (my topic is the introduce yourself racism in critical exam america and how effect to people ) can you help me , please. Racism in 3 major elements America is a huge problem and a huge topic. I think your first step is to narrow your research focus. First, which specific problem of racism will you be looking at? Racism against a particular minority group?

In a specific region or city? Are there studies that show the effects in these groups and regions? What are some common findings/themes? Here is another post specifically about writing a research paper: This blog is Amazing! Very helpful! But my question is that did you really have to use #8220;eating insects#8221; example? I was having a hot n sour soup while reading this.

Ha! I#8217;m so sorry to critical exam, have ruined your supper. Project? #128578; I think I was inspired to write this post after a bug flew into my mouth while I was riding my bike to work#8230; nutty and a bit bitter. Thanks for reading! This is critical thinking 2014 absolutely incredible! I greatly admire your work and accomplishment! I am a teacher that is writing a textbook with Creative Commons licensing for my school district using CK-12 as the platform. With all due respect, I would really love to speak with you about possibly including some of the information on the Kibin site, particularly this post, as a properly attributed contribution to uf dissertation checklist, my 6th Grade Reading Language Arts textbook. Critical Exam 2014? If you would not mind getting in contact with me, my email is [emailprotected] or simply reply to this comment. @naomi_tepper:disqus. For Kids? Hi AlishaThanks for your kind comment. I#8217;m totally in favor of you using the content from critical thinking exam 2014, this post in your textbook with attribution.

Best of Team Project luck on critical exam, this very important project, and if you need to discuss, you can easily reach me at [emailprotected] You#8217;re going to web design assignment, have to take a stance for or against school uniforms and exam 2014 offer credible evidence to support your stance. I#8217;d suggest reading this post on how to essay on space for kids, write a thesis statement : Thank you for writing all these helpful hints! I#8217;m currently writing one for thinking 2014, college with the Team Project UpdatE topic of legalizing lane splitting for motorcycles. I just finished writing found your blog which is helping me make sure I did everything correctly #128578; thank you!! Fantastic!

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Negritude Essays and Research Papers. Negritude Stanford 1. The genesis of the concept The concept of Negritude emerged as the expression of a revolt against the . historical situation of exam 2014 French colonialism and racism. Essay? The particular form taken by critical exam 2014 that revolt was the product of the encounter, in Paris, in web design assignment the late 1920's, of three black students coming from different French colonies: Aime Cesaire (1913–2008) from Martinique, Leon Gontran Damas (1912–1978) from Guiana and critical thinking exam 2014, Leopold Sedar Senghor (1906–2001) from Senegal. Being colonial. African American , Black people , Caribbean 1578 Words | 5 Pages. What Is the French Policy of Assimilation About, What Did Scholars Like Leopold Senghor Mean by the Term Negritude as a Strategy for Countering That French Policy and What Is the Place of the uf dissertation, Two in the Methodology of Ethnic Conflict Management? Conflict Management and Resolution PLSC 872 What is the French policy of ASSIMILATION about, what did scholars like Leopold Senghor mean by the term . Negritude as a strategy for countering that French policy and what is the place of the two in the methodology of ethnic conflict management? INTRODUCTION The trajectory of this paper is within the purview of Conflict Resolution and Management.

However, it traverses a historical path that takes us back to the era of colonialism in critical exam Africa, the Afrocentric. Africa , Black people , Colonialism 1613 Words | 5 Pages. Aime Cesaire's The Tempest as a Critique of Colonialism. first president when the checklist, country gained independence in 1960. Senghor was one of the founders of the Negritude movement which aimed to embrace . the traditions and roots which had made Africa unique. The main idea of negritude was a black civilization of cultural, economic, social and political values distinct from those of the Western world - different but not inferior. Thinking? These ideas of the Negritude movement resound strongly in A Tempest. Cesaire retells his own version of uf dissertation checklist The Tempest by William Shakespeare. Aime Cesaire , Caliban , Colonialism 1027 Words | 3 Pages. continue to allow persons to suffer?

We must fight for equality so that everyone can be equal, so that we can stop discrimination, and destroy the caste . system. How can we fight for equality if we don’t know who we are as an individual or as a race? Negritude makes blacks or persons of critical exam African descent aware of their identity, heritage, and elements of essay, culture. Racial identification should not be a bother to thinking exam 2014 persons of African descent, what should be a hindrance is fighting for equality between the races. It’s like. African American , Black people , Discrimination 1120 Words | 3 Pages. 1-ORIGINS OF NEGRITUDE The historical origins of Negritude can be traced to smoking the various forms of cultural expression in thinking exam the . French Caribbean that find their roots in the African continent, practices that were transmogrified by the experience of the Middle Passage and slavery. Like the North American spirituals first championed in The Souls of Black Folk, by W. E. Essay On Space? B. Thinking Exam 2014? Du Bois, a variety of arts and practices served as refuges for Afro-Caribbean pride and African culture: the dances called calenda. Africa , African slave trade , Atlantic slave trade 460 Words | 2 Pages. A Brief Guide to Negritude Negritude was both a literary and ideological movement led by French-speaking black writers and . intellectuals.

The movement is marked by its rejection of European colonization and yourself to your, its role in the African diaspora, pride in blackness and traditional African values and culture, mixed with an critical thinking exam 2014, undercurrent of Marxist ideals. Its founders (or les trois peres), Aime Cesaire, Leopold Sedar Senghor, and Leon-Gontran Damas, met while studying in Paris in 1931 and began to web design publish. Africa , African American , Afro-Latin American 842 Words | 3 Pages. During the Negritude Movement, poets had many different ways to express what they thought about religion and races. These poets used their . poems to thinking exam 2014 express how they felt about these topics. Guy Tirolien and Bernard Dadie used their poetry to express their faith in the Lord and what they thought he could do to impact lives. This is shown in web design the poems A Little Black Boy's Prayer and I Thank You, Lord. In both Negritude poems, the main character is talking to the same person and also giving. Poetry 757 Words | 2 Pages.

Leon Gontran Damas and critical thinking exam 2014, Aime Cesaire on Negritude. Hope Traylor French 150 Professor C. Noland 06.11.09 Leon Gontran Damas and Aime Cesaire on Negritude In their poems, Leon Gontran Damas . and introduce yourself to your, Aime Cesaire both explore and expound upon critical what it is to be black. For Kids? These men were bedfellows in their heyday, and they both wrote around negritude , a term referring to thinking acceptance and celebration of blackness in spite of essay on space for kids nationality or culture, that they coined alongside Leon Sedar Senghor. Damas’ poetry tends to be blunt and raw, yet also very profound;. Anaphora , Antilles , Black people 1649 Words | 5 Pages. birth of the Negritude , African authors began to thinking exam write in French or in English. Since the 1960’s quantitative and Team, qualitative changes could . Critical Exam? be observed in the field of publication in both Francophone and Anglophone states. The main objective of the present work is to give an overview of the origin and the role of griots in in public opinion essay the African society, the different components of the oral tradition, and critical exam 2014, the major trends in essay the development of African literature.

The study of the Negritude movement encompasses. Africa , African people , African Union 554 Words | 1 Pages. regrets for being black. There is evidence of the struggle alluded to between blacks and critical thinking exam 2014, whites where blacks are looked down upon checklist hence derogatory terms like . “negro”. Exam? The conception of Team Project Negritude in itself is a direct revolt of the hitherto oppressive conditions that besieged the critical thinking exam 2014, black population at that time. Negritude is characterised by reaction against assignment, colonialism. It espouses a total rejection of western domination and thinking, seeks to resolve the uf dissertation checklist, identity crisis that bedevils many blacks. It seeks to. Black people , Leopold Sedar Senghor , Literary criticism 1306 Words | 4 Pages.

Africans from colonialism and racism. It promoted a growing sense in black identity and achievement. The Pan-Africanist movement had two main characters, . namely W.E.B Du Bois and Marcus Garvey. Movements of Pan-Africanism were the critical thinking, Harlem Renaissance, Negritude and assignment, Rastafarianism. Pan-Africanism sparked Nationalist movements worldwide. W.E.B Du Bois wrote 20 books on Black culture and history. Critical 2014? He formed the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of essay Coloured People) and he organised the first two. Africa , African American , African diaspora 1079 Words | 3 Pages. Nationalism, which would lead to movements such as negritude and thinking exam, Pan – Africanism (Class notes, 3/04/2013). For movements to form, such as . Negritude , its leaders felt it necessary to take pride in “blackness” and embrace their traditional African values and culture, mixed with undercurrent Marxist ideas. Formed in Paris, led by intellectuals and poets by web design who marked its rejection of critical thinking European colonization and its role in the African Diaspora. “ Negritude ”, meaning “the simple recognition of the fact that.

Africa , African Union , Black people 1289 Words | 4 Pages. Two of these – Negritude and Afrocentricity will be discussed here. In contemporary times, these ideas form the inspiration for those who are . now trying to Team Project UpdatE reclaim the human rights values in critical thinking exam traditional African culture. This is also discussed hereunder. The idea of Negritude developed by Leopold Senghor, and Aime Caesar. N is the affirmation of positive aspects of African identity and uf dissertation checklist, values, and it is also a rejection of the unacceptable features of colonialism in Africa. Critical Thinking 2014? Negritude stresses the.

Africa , African Union , Afrocentrism 972 Words | 3 Pages. resulted in Prussian dominance over essay on space, the German states. This event took place in Germany, and Italy. This war was in 1866. They did this To unify Germany. It . brought peace to the nation. Italian and German Unification Recent Movements Negritude Movement Negritude is a literary and ideological movement, developed by francophone black intellectuals, writers, and politicians in France in critical exam the 1930s. negro-ness.“ Source: Checklist? This event is significant to history because it tells you about.

Americas , Colonialism , Europe 562 Words | 12 Pages. Discuss the Relationship Between Modernity and Tradition in French-Caribbean Creole Culture? then show the differing opinions and how some think they should embrace the relationship and others think the thinking exam 2014, complete opposite. Essay On Space For Kids? I will then show how through . misinterpretations many think there is not a relationship, through the rise and decline of thinking exam 2014 negritude , then the introduce yourself to your classmates, clear relationship between modernity and critical exam, tradition through the rise of ‘Creolite’. I will then conclude that there is a relationship, that they are embracing it, and then show how their culture is very similar to that of the westerners. Caribbean , Culture , French language 2622 Words | 7 Pages. in 1984, and published his memoir, ('That Which I Believe: Negritude , Frenchness, and Universal Civilization') in 1988. He died at checklist, Verson, . France, on 20 December 2001. Philosophy: Leopold Sedar Senghor believes that every African shares certain distinctive and critical thinking exam, innate characteristics, values and aesthetics.

Negritude is the active rooting of an Black identity in uf dissertation checklist this inescapable and natural African essence. (The major premise of Negritude is exam, therefore that one’s biological make-up (race) defines one’s. Academie francaise , Africa , Black people 426 Words | 2 Pages. something negative for introduce yourself to your the rise of his race. 2014? He saw it as another drawback for his culture, and people, who were trying to establish their own individual . identity in the Caribbean, apart from Europe or Africa. The black consciousness movement, or negritude , was of great importance for Damas. His poetry mirrors his intense personality, and with regards to religion, he often makes a mockery of the Christian church. He believes that the emasculation of assignment various early Caribbean religions is a result of. Caribbean , Christianity , Culture 1419 Words | 4 Pages. century writers from Western Africa have used newspapers to air their views. Several founded newspapers that served as vehicles for expressing nascent . nationalist feelings.

French-speaking Africans in France, led by Leopold Senghor, were active in critical thinking exam the negritude movement from the 1930s, along with Leon Damas and Aime Cesaire, denounced colonialism, and proudly asserted the validity of the cultures that the colonials had tried to crush. In the colonial period, Africans exposed to Western languages began. Africa , African literature , African people 2157 Words | 4 Pages. A Negritude Philosophy on Coffee for web design the Road Prepared by Glenn Libres III-9 AB/BSE Literature . ------------------------------------------------- Survey of African Literature The story of an critical thinking exam 2014, African family whose family members particularly the mother get discriminated from the prejudice of the white people in the cafe forbidden for the colored people, Coffee for the Road clearly identifies such African philosophy called negritude that sought to make the Africans aware and UpdatE, proud of their cultural. Africa , Black people , Brazil 410 Words | 2 Pages.

gave Jamaica or other Caribbean countries. Question 10 This question required more specific knowledge and many candidates were not aware that the . negritude movement actually began in France. Critical Thinking? For Part (a), most of the respondents wrote Martinique or some other Francophone Caribbean territory. Having little knowledge of web design assignment what constituted the negritude movement candidates had much difficulty in answering Part (b). Only a small number of critical exam 2014 candidates answered correctly.

This part of the question. Barbados , Caribbean , Indenture 1530 Words | 5 Pages. Sterns World Civilizations Chapter 28 Study Guide. Zionist Organization. What were the first examples of conflict between Jews and Arabs in the 1930s? 4. Discuss the beginnings of pan-Africanism in 3 major elements of essay the . 1920s. Your answer should include the roles of Marcus Garvey and thinking exam, W.E.B.

Du Bois, and the negritude literary movement and introduce to your classmates essay, writer Leopold Sedar Senghor. READINGS 1. Critical Thinking Exam 2014? Read the sidebar on page 672, “Lessons for smoking places the Colonized from the Slaughter in the Trenches.” Answer the questions at the end of the passage. Critical Exam 2014? 2. Read the sidebar on page. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria , League of Nations , Nationalism 540 Words | 3 Pages. Lycee Louis-le-Grand on an educational scholarship. Cesaire is closely related to the word negritude , Together with Leopold Senghor and essay, Leon . Gontian Damas they formulated the concept and movement of critical 2014 negritude , defined as affirmation that one is black and proud of it, which signifies the black youth's attempt to maintain a positive racial identity .Many of elements his works combine the two ideas of negritude and surrealism. Surrealism is defined as a modern movement in critical exam art and literature in which an. Atlantic slave trade , C. L. R. James , Caribbean 1675 Words | 5 Pages. is written in elements of essay English, French, Portuguese and Native African Language. 2. Ali A. Mazrui 3. Wole Soyinka III. THEMES Pre-Colonial Era 1. Praising . virtues and Condemning vices in society.

Colonial Era 1. Liberation, Independence and Negritude . Thinking 2014? Post-Colonial African Literature 1. Clash between Africa's past and present 2. Clash between tradition and checklist, modernity 3. Clash between indigenous and critical thinking exam 2014, foreign 4. Clash between individualism and community 5. Clash between socialism. Africa , Chinese poetry , Du Fu 493 Words | 5 Pages. author of several novels and uf dissertation checklist, short-stories in which social issues are at the forefront. Although his most famous novel, La Rue Cases-Negres, was published . some twenty years after the critical exam, great authors of Negritude published their works, Zobel was once asked if he considered himself the novelist of Negritude . His most famous novel, La Rue Cases-Negres (often translated as Black Shack Alley or Sugar Cane Alley), was published in checklist Paris 1950. Thinking Exam 2014? The novel is an account of a young boy raised by his grandmother. Character , Close-up , Film techniques 1128 Words | 3 Pages. Here are examples of how titles are sometimes presented on title pages: |MODERNISM NEGRITUDE | |BERNARD . BERENSON | |The Making of a Connoisseur | |Turner’s early sketchbooks | These titles should appear in a research paper as follows: Modernism and Negritude ; Bernard Berenson: The Making of web design a Connoisseur Turner’s Early Sketches . Benjamin Disraeli , Quotation , Quotation mark 1352 Words | 6 Pages. Literary Background.

African Literature. Samuel Mqhayi and Thomas Mofolo begin portraying Africans as complex and human characters. Achebe was highly influenced by these writers in their human . portrayal of both sides of critical colonization. For Kids? Emerging from thinking 2014, Paris in the 1920s and 1930s, the negritude movement established itself as one of the premiere literary movements of its time. It was a French-speaking African search for uf dissertation checklist identity, which ofcourse took them back to their roots in Africa. Africa was made into a metaphorical antipode to Europe. Africa , African literature , Chinua Achebe 1190 Words | 4 Pages. history (Gikandi). It was through these schools that Negritude was founded by Francophone Africans who globally postulated a Black identity or . essence (Irele). Negritude was similar to the concept of pan-Africanism, identified by Kwame Appiah and challenged because it was founded on the concept of the Negro world, which in turn was founded on the concept of the geographical Africa, which in turn was a European invention (Appiah).

Francophone Negritude and its Anglophone cousin pan-African derived not. Africa , Chinua Achebe , Colonialism 543 Words | 2 Pages. Explain the term “Pan Africanism (2) 4. Explain one way in which Pan Africanism has contributed to the development of the region (2) 5. Explain the . term negritude (2) 6. Outline two ideas of thinking 2014 Marxist though (4) 7. Name one person associated with the web design assignment, Negritude movement (2) 8. Outline 3 ways in which Caribbean people benefited from Negritude Movement (3) . Caribbean , Cuba , Guyana 590 Words | 2 Pages. Analysis of Carbet’s Poetry in Point D’orgue: Implications to Contexts of Caribbean Cultural Definitions. constant identity. In 1939, Aime Cesaire denounced French cultural dominance and emphasized the African diaspora, often referred to as . “ negritude ” (Ormerod). However, to Caribbean intellectuals of exam later generations, Africans only 3 major elements represented a common oppressed people. However, their customs, religions and national origin were different from that of Caribbeans. Post- negritude generations found, that linguistically, the 2014, views of Cesaire were too restricted.

To Edouard Glissant, an influential Martinican writer. African diaspora , Black people , Caribbean 2249 Words | 7 Pages. (racism between African tribes). African literature in the late colonial period (between the end of Project World War I and independence) increasingly showed themes . of liberation, independence, and (among Africans in French-controlled territories) negritude . One of the leaders of the negritude movement, the poet and eventual President of Senegal, Leopold Sedar Senghor, published in exam 2014 1948the first anthology of French-language poetry written by Africans, Anthologie de la nouvelle poesie negre et malgache de langue francaise (Anthology. Africa , African people , Atlantic slave trade 1738 Words | 5 Pages. Georgian poets * Goliard * Graveyard poets * The Group (literature) * Harlem Renaissance * Harvard Aesthetes * Heptanese School (literature) * . Lake Poets * La Pleiade * Los Contemporaneos * Misty Poets * Modern Chinese poetry * Negritude * Net-poetry * New Apocalyptics | * Nijo poetic school * Others (art group) * Oulipo * Poetic transrealism * Rhymers' Club * Rochester Poets * Scottish Renaissance * Sicilian School * Poetry Slam * Sons of Ben * Southern. 2nd millennium , Allen Ginsberg , British poetry 1697 Words | 7 Pages. expansion, requiring greater agricultural and industrial output.

Family structure changes, life span increases, and more goods are available, yet . Team? inequalities deepen as decent education and good health determine social status as never before. Negritude Statement of the thinking 2014, virtues of the black identity and the validation of African culture and the African past, even in the westernizing world. This idea was shaped in the 1930s by African and 3 major elements of essay, African American intellectuals like Senegal’s first president. Capitalism , Communism , Karl Marx 685 Words | 3 Pages. through David Rubadiri's poem A Negro Labourer in Liverpool: Here his hope is the shovel And his fulfillment resignation. (Narasimhaiah, 134) One of the . most important phases in African poetry is critical thinking exam 2014, Negritude , a powerful literary movement founded by Aime Cesaire of Senegal. Among other things, the Negritude poets favoured the introduce yourself essay, theme of glorification of Africa. They worshipped anything African in critical thinking exam scintillating rhymes. Anger at injustice meted out to the colonized Africa is for kids, also one of the oft-repeated.

Africa , African people , Atlantic slave trade 1903 Words | 7 Pages. independence between the 1940's and 1960's or later, and the period after independence. During the fledgling years (1930's) a movement celebrating . African culture and values rose to critical thinking exam 2014 prominence. The movement originated in France and was called NEGRITUDE . However, its founders include Leon Gontran Damas of French Guiana and Aime Cesaire of Martinique. Rene Maran of introduce yourself Martinique won the thinking exam, Prix Goncourt (a French literary prize) with the novel Batouala (1921) which called for identification with black. Caribbean , Colonialism , Cuba 1485 Words | 5 Pages.

The Black Man and Langston Hughes. put a large impact on his mind and soul and made him a poet of the essay on space, blacks. Hughes developed a distinct movement of “ negritude ” which may . be regarded as the soul of the critical thinking exam, Renaissance. Rising from the consciousness of his skin color and passing through various stages of identification with people and territory of Africa, and Team, finally grounding it in the American Past. Negritude “in the critical thinking, poetry of Hughes evolves into a definite and enduring concept expressive of definite vision.” He Hughes doesn’t. African American , African diaspora , Afro-Latin American 1601 Words | 5 Pages. Patrick Chamoiseau has become an web design, important literary personality in Martinique. Along with two friends, Raphael Confiant and Jean Bernabe, he published in . 1989 a literary manifesto called the Eloge de la creolite which questioned the relevance of negritude to modern day Martiniquans and which proposed, among other things, a substantially different way of thinking looking at the Island's relationship with France.

In particular, Chamoiseau and his colleagues are emphatic that a Caribbean literature has to uf dissertation checklist be. Antillean Creole , Barbados , Caribbean 772 Words | 3 Pages. African Literature From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Samuel Mqhayi and Thomas Mofolo begin portraying Africans as complex and human characters. Achebe was highly influenced by these writers in exam their human . portrayal of both sides of colonization. Emerging from Paris in the 1920s and 1930s, the negritude movement established itself as one of the premiere literary movements of its time. It was a French-speaking African search for identity, which ofcourse took them back to their roots in 3 major of essay Africa. Africa was made into a metaphorical antipode to Europe.

Africa , Chinua Achebe , Literature 1716 Words | 5 Pages. (racism between African tribes). African literature in the late colonial period (between the end of World War I and independence) increasingly showed themes . of liberation, independence, and (among Africans in French-controlled territories) negritude . One of the critical 2014, leaders of the negritude movement, the poet and eventual President of Senegal, Leopold Sedar Senghor, published in 1948 the first anthology of French-language poetry written by Africans, Anthologie de la nouvelle poesie negre et malgache de langue francaise (Anthology. Africa , African people , Atlantic slave trade 674 Words | 2 Pages. The Telephone Conversation by introduce yourself to your classmates essay Wole Soyinka. The Telephone Conversation by Wole Soyinka The Nigerian playwright Wole Soyinka (born 1935) was one of the critical thinking exam 2014, few African writers to denounce the slogan of assignment . Negritude as a tool of autocracy. He also was the first black African to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. Wole Soyinka was born July 13, 1934 in Abeokuta a village on the banks of the River Ogun in the western area of Nigeria. His mother was a Christian convert so devout that he nicknamed her Wild Christian and he father was the scholarly. Abdulsalami Abubakar , Black people , Chocolate 2243 Words | 6 Pages. Surrealism and Harlem Renaissance Two Historical Art Periods.

Renaissance’s era of black intellectuals. Such as Richard Wright who eluded segregation and racism in the Amalgamated States by fleeing to France. Others . included Claude Mckay as well as Langston Hughes. This evolution additionally known as the “ Negritude evolution” utilized the ideals of the artists in accordance with the notions of surrealism. The similarities lie within the struggle to shatter the conventional norms and critical 2014, discernment of society with surrealism endeavoring to do so toward the 3 major elements of essay, prudish. African American , American Civil War , Art 982 Words | 4 Pages. Cattle- Killing Movement; the spread of anti-imperial, nationalist, and communist ideology in either area.

For the twentieth century, students could examine . the spread of the idea of human rights; the formation of new cultural identities, such as negritude ; the thinking 2014, ways religion was applied to political issues, such as fundamentalist movements and of essay, Liberation Theology; the increasing globalization of consumer culture. Thinking? Any of introduce classmates essay these examples would need to be tied into the process of change and critical exam 2014, continuity. Africa , Change , Continuity 1405 Words | 5 Pages. Samba Diallo's Journey Ambiguous Adventure Book Review - Francophone Literature. to his death or unconscious. I discussed the places essay, meaning of title of book, and the people who affected his life. Finally, I talked about the ending of the story. . This is a journey of one's being and critical exam 2014, becoming. In my opinion, the belief and the idea of Negritude is what the author Kane want to pass to essay on space for kids the readers. Work Cited1.

Ambiguous. Critical Thinking 2014? Longman dictionary. 2. Cheikh Hamidou Kane. Ambiguous Adventure. Heinemann Educational Publishers. 3. John D. Erickson. Cheikh Hamidou Kane's L'Aventure Ambigue. Western culture 1084 Words | 3 Pages. brotherhood of all the African peoples the world over to interrogate their oppression, past and present by Team UpdatE using their common culture and ancestry as a force . to critical thinking unite and seek ways of fostering the development of Africa and African people. | Negritude | The ideology largely developed by poets and web design assignment, writers in thinking exam the French colonial countries of Africa and the Caribbean to protest against 3 major elements of essay, the racism directed at the people of African origin. They advocated a celebration and discussion of ‘blackness’.

Anthropology , Discrimination , Economic development 1019 Words | 3 Pages. Caliban a Tempest vs. Caliban the Tempest. the colonizer and thinking, the colonized. The most obvious change in Cesaire’s postcolonial adaptation of Shakespeare’s The Tempest is that he sets the action of the . Team Project? play in a colonial context. By exploring this relationship, Cesaire promotes his idea of thinking exam 2014 Negritude , or the struggle for freedom, and his suggestion for how to classmates essay gain this freedom. Thinking Exam 2014? Cesaire’s Caliban is checklist, different from Shakespeare’s Caliban in that the former embodies the image of a rebellious colonized people more dynamically and becomes a more sympathetic.

Caliban , Colonialism , First Folio 1300 Words | 4 Pages. French- ruled Martinique, a small Caribbean island. He was raised in a family that was the equivalence of the bourgeoisie social class. The people in 2014 this . social class were advocates for White- French assimilation. After being taught the philosophy of negritude , he did not wish to remain a part of this social class. He left Martinique in 1943 to web design assignment help the Free French fight World War III. After this war, Fanon studied Psychiatry at Lyons University in France where he experienced extreme volumes of racism. Algeria , Algerian War , Colonialism 1129 Words | 4 Pages.

In What Ways Does Mariama Ba Use the Male Characters in Scarlet Song as an Influence on Ousmane’s Relationship with Mireille? couple are able to make sacrifices and exam, compromises for 3 major elements each other. While it is apparent that Mireille really wants the marriage to work, as she has made a . sacrifice by moving to Senegal, Ousmane still keeps the same mindset towards embracing his negritude where no room is left for critical thinking considering Mireille’s feelings. Essay On Space For Kids? Lamine tells him that he “wants happiness without making any sacrifices.” (98), but this will not work in a marriage where it is “based on tolerance and thinking 2014, a human approach.” (99). Lamine is. Family , French people , Interracial marriage 1109 Words | 3 Pages. Sub -Saharan Africa After the Major Wars. dresses in royal regalia, faced off against new African leaders clothed in traditional African fabrics, the once-dominating white faces matched by the proud . black faces”. This was possibly the beginning to the new found African movement called Negritude or Blackness.

What did this movement mean for Africa? It was basically a celebration and a display of on space how proud the citizens were for their African heritage. It was similar to the Renaissance. The citizens of Africa “revived Africa’s great traditions. Africa , African people , Algeria 1045 Words | 3 Pages. divisions and changes of our actual history. From the critical exam 2014, perspective of the UpdatE, Caribbean’s this would be the Caribbeanness of the black experience.

This is the . 2014? identity the Black diaspora must discover. This understanding did play a crucial role in the Negritude movements. Uf Dissertation Checklist? It was a creative mode of representing the true identity of the marginalised people. Critical Thinking 2014? Indeed this act of rediscovery has played crucial role in yourself the emergence of many of the important social movements of our time like feminist, ani-colonial. Anthropology , Caribbean , Colonialism 580 Words | 2 Pages. oppression that blacks faced and their eagerness to go back to thinking exam the place that their ancestors were taken from. Uf Dissertation? In the poem Cullen reflects the urge to . Critical 2014? reclaim the African arts, during this time, the Harlem Renaissance, blacks called this movement negritude . Cullen depicts the negro speaking on the view of of essay Africa, by the all negroes. In the poem, Cullen uses auditory imagery, organic imagery, and visual imagery.

Cullen uses auditory imagery to draw his readers in to hear what he hears. The meaning. Africa , Atlantic slave trade , Black people 623 Words | 2 Pages. Introduction to critical thinking exam African Literature. Written African literature, included nowadays in the movement of postcolonial literature, has started to impose its aesthetics with the of essay, coming of the concept . of Negritude . No work purporting to critical exam introduce the student to African literature can be said to have accomplished its task without some explanatory remarks on the theory of negritude . Admittedly such an undertaking is an introduce to your classmates, onerous one, requiring as it does an amount of patience, fairness and impartiality that is often beyond the critical exam, capacity of critics. Africa , African people , Atlantic slave trade 7319 Words | 19 Pages. Brief Summary of the Harlem Renaissance. States. Writers McKay, Hughes, and Cullen, actor and musician Paul Robeson, dancer Josephine Baker, and others traveled to smoking in public places Europe and attained a popularity . abroad that rivaled or surpassed what they achieved in the United States. The founders of the Negritude movement in the French Caribbean traced their ideas directly to the influence of Hughes and McKay. Critical Thinking Exam 2014? South African writer Peter Abrahams cited his youthful discovery of The New Negro as the event that turned him toward a career as a writer.

For thousands. African American , African American culture , American Civil War 1857 Words | 6 Pages. Oral Traditions or Spoken Word in the Caribbean. parts of is concerned. Ruth Finnegan, in her survey of oral poetry, shows that the study of folklore and the implications of oral traditions in . nineteenth-century Europe went along with the upsurge of national feeling, and essay on space for kids, she cites Ireland and negritude as parallel developments in the twentieth century (Finnegan 1977: 36, qtd in Habekost, 70)). The dialect poetry of Louise Bennett had a great impact on the emergent Jamaican nationalism of the critical thinking exam 2014, pre-Independence era, and highlighted the connection. Caribbean , Creole language , Dub music 1563 Words | 5 Pages.

Caribbean StudiesPast Paper Questions 2006 2010 1. 26. Explain what is meant by the term ‘ negritude ’. 2 marks 27. Name ONE person associated with the Team Project, Negritude movement. . 1 mark 28. State three ways in which Caribbean people benefited from the negritude movement.

3 marks 29. Name the country in exam 2014 which the negritude movement began. 1 mark 30. Uf Dissertation Checklist? Give TWO reasons for the development of the Negritude movement. Critical? 4 marks 31. Name ONE twentieth century movement that was influenced by to your classmates essay the negritude movement. Thinking 2014? 1 mark 32. Describe THREE. Barbados , Caribbean , Caribbean Community 4312 Words | 8 Pages. the works of Senghor, Cesaire, and other French-speaking writers of Africa and elements, of African descent from the Caribbean, such as Rene Maran from Martinique and . Leon Damas from French Guiana in 2014 South America, the works of Hughes helped to inspire the Negritude movement in yourself to your France. Exam? A radical black self-examination was emphasized in the face of European colonialism.

In addition to his example in social attitudes, Hughes had an important technical influence by his emphasis on folk and jazz rhythms as the basis. African American , African American culture , Black people 2258 Words | 6 Pages. Pop Cultural Music in Sierra Leone, is assignment, Creating Social Change and a New Political Identity for Its Youth. civil-rights movement of the 1960s that saw black protestors making extensive use of songs to call attention to their demands for social change, which also . calls attention to the ideals of Black Nationalism and unity. Critical Thinking 2014? Furthermore in the same manner that Negritude writers found solidarity in a common black identity as a rejection of French colonial racism, African youth in Sierra Leone found their solidarity and a new political identity through urban pop cultural music. In this paper I have discussed, how. Ahmad Tejan Kabbah , All People's Congress , Freetown 2341 Words | 6 Pages. Postcolonial Personal ‘Truths’ Versus Canonical Discourse ‘Realities’. Toni Morrison's, ‘Beloved’ Writes Back to essay the Empire. The supernatural has been de-valued from the ‘real’ in English literature since the ‘Enlightenment’ period, when a paradigm shift brought power to scientific . knowledge and The spiritual became ‘the uncanny’ (see Gelder, 1994). The concept of Negritude , developed by Aime Cesaire and Leopold Sedar Senghor, ‘was the exam 2014, most pronounced assertion of distinctive qualities of in public places essay Black culture and identity’ (Ashcroft et al, 1989, p20) however, it adopted stereotypes that European Prejudice. ‘Black culture.

British Empire , Colonialism , English language 2337 Words | 7 Pages. trim, and fine. This doll leaves no room for different ethnicities, and so neither does society. Esexx Hemphill writes in his poem, Soft Target, thatBarbie . never told Black girls/ they are beautiful./ She never acknowledged/ their breathtaking Negritude (13-16). Critical 2014? Barbie- the spokesperson of American society-does not acknowledge the fact that anyone outside of her little aura could be beautiful. Media's influence on society has lead American's to believe that the assignment, only way to be is white, tall, and. Beauty , Breast implant , Hand surgery 2799 Words | 7 Pages.

international competition and to critical exam adapt to uf dissertation technological developments THEORIZING CARIBBEAN DEVELOPMENT Expected Learning Outcomes 1. Explain what is . meant by an ideology 2. Thinking Exam 2014? Describe the Values underlying the following ideologies: pan-Africanism, negritude , Marxism, Feminism, Capitalism, IndoCaribbean and Indigenous Perspectives 3. Identify the key thinkers in these intellectual traditions 4. Analyse the Impact of each of these ideologies Ideology • This is a fairly coherent and comprehensive. Caribbean , Caribbean Community , Economics 9739 Words | 33 Pages. Like Frantz Fanon, Biko originally studied medicine, and, like Fanon, Biko developed an intense concern for the development of uf dissertation checklist black consciousness as a . solution to the existential struggles which shape existence, both as a human and as an African (see Negritude ). Biko can thus be seen as a follower of Fanon and Aime Cesaire, in critical thinking contrast to more multi-racialist ANC leaders such as Nelson Mandela after his imprisonment at Robben Island, and Albert Luthuli who were first disciples of Gandhi.[16][17][18][19]. Black Consciousness Movement , Black people , Donald Woods 2397 Words | 7 Pages. Samuel Mqhayi and Thomas Mofolo begin portraying Africans as complex and human characters. 3 Major? Achebe was highly influenced by these writers in their human . portrayal of both sides of colonization. Emerging from Paris in the 1920s and 1930s, the negritude movement established itself as one of the premiere literary movements of its time. It was a French-speaking African search for identity, which ofcourse took them back to their roots in Africa.

Africa was made into thinking 2014, a metaphorical antipode to Europe. Chinua Achebe , Colonialism , Edward Said 3002 Words | 9 Pages.

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VCE Extended Investigation Critical Thinking Test - Victorian

Adolescent Addiction and STD/HIV essay. Adolescence is thinking exam considered to be a unique period in life cycle, which represents various challenges and 3 major elements, opportunities to the individuals. In fact, it is a time of constant search and thinking exam, experimentation, which increasingly includes risky sex and drug use. Today, young people are largely disoriented: parents and teachers assert, for example, that one should abstain from of essay early sexual activities, smoking or alcohol consumption, but television, movies and magazines propagandize a disreputable lifestyle full of unsafe sexual practices, smoking, and alcohol consumption. Therefore, adolescence is understood as one of the thinking exam, most difficult periods of human development.

Despite its relative brevity, it largely determines the entire life of the individual. Sure, the formation of character and other personal basics occur in this period of life cycle. These circumstances make adolescents particularly vulnerable and malleable to the negative influences of environment. In addition, it is on space necessary to take into account an adolescent’s tendency to be free from parental guardianship and control that often leads to the denial of spiritual values ??and standards of critical 2014 living of the older generation. In Public Places Essay? Dramatically, young people aged less than 25 years are more heavily affected by STD/HIV-AIDS. Most sexually transmitted infections occur more frequently in adolescents than in adults. Parents and teachers often do not know what, how and when to talk to adolescents. The talks about sexuality and remedies are tabooed in society, particularly with regard to thinking exam, young people.

In this case, young people, not having access to accurate information, rely on rumors and stereotypes learned from peers and the media. In such a case, young people need adequate support and reliable information to help them protect themselves. Key words: adolescence, STD/HIV-AIDS, risky sex, drug use. Background on HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS and other STDs are one of the most important and tragic issues facing humanity at the end of XX century.

Today, HIV/AIDS is “recognized as a global emergency demanding the attention on the international health agenda and one of the most important public health issues” (Wasti, Simkhada, Randall, van Teijlingen, 2009, p. 62). In fact, STDs and HIV infection have spread to all the sectors of the population, including happy families. Hence, it is a quite relevant problem that affects all aspects of our society, and thus, needs much attention to deal with. Assignment? The first cases of thinking exam 2014 infection were observed in Africa in 1959. For Kids? In 1981, a new syndrome was first identified among homosexual men in the United States of America. Since 1987, the spread of critical exam 2014 a new infectious disease has reached epidemic proportions. Nowadays, the disease is registered in 152 countries around the world (UNAIDS WHO, 2003). The highest prevalence of reported infections can be found in introduce to your essay, all African countries. In fact, HIV prevalence among young people (10–19 years) is 2.1 million adolescents, who live with HIV in 2012 (Joint United Nations Programme on critical exam 2014, HIV/AIDS [UNAIDS], 2013).

Generally speaking, AIDS is a chronic condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, abbreviated as HIV. There is no doubt that AIDS is a complex scientific problem. However, the fight against HIV/AIDS and other STDs is largely complicated by the lack of effective therapeutic drugs, and because of the inability to be vaccinated. That is why, health education programs, full and objective information about the 3 major, urgency of the problem and effective ways to prevent infections are crucial in the fight against the AIDS epidemic. Sure, HIV/AIDS and other STDs are difficult to control due to the following significant issues: 1) lack of effective treatment; 2) lack of critical thinking exam 2014 resources for primary prevention (vaccination); 3) difficulties in contacts with the population most severely affected by assignment HIV/AIDS. How HIV is Transmitted. The main routes of HIV transmission include as follows: A. Critical 2014? Unsafe anal, vaginal, or oral sex (i.e. sex without a condom). Currently, the lion’s share of cases of HIV infection falls on unprotected sex. In order to protect themselves from HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, it is important to abstain from sexual intercourse or even it happens make sure to use a quality condom. B. Through blood products. The vast majority of HIV infections are among people who use or have used drugs intravenously.

Furthermore, HIV can be transmitted when using non-sterile, untreated medical instruments or during blood transfusions. C. From mother to child. Child transmission is yourself essay possible: during pregnancy (when HIV penetrates through the placenta to the fetus) during childbirth and critical exam 2014, breast feeding. Now let us talk about the factors that contribute to the spread of HIV infection: 1) the growing number of children and adolescents, who have dropped out of the on space, sphere of social control; 2) the proliferation of different forms of deviant behavior among children, adolescents and young people:increase in thinking 2014, the number of injecting drug users; increase in alcohol abuse among minors; increase in juvenile delinquency; involvement of youth and minors in in public places opinion, commercial sex. 3) reducing educational potential of families; 4) preventive work is not up to teenagers dropped out of the area of social control; 5) the imperfection of social monitoring (allowing to assess the effectiveness of preventive measures to track changes in the behavior of #8220;at risk#8221; groups, and to identify new areas of risk) as well as medical control over the representatives of #8220;at risk#8221; groups; 6) the lack of legal protection and psychosocial assistance to drug addicts and their families during the rehabilitation period; 7) low effectiveness of drug treatment, the high cost of removing the psychological dependence that makes it unaffordable for most addicts; 8) relative effectiveness of law enforcement agencies to combat drug trafficking; 9) low coordination of prevention activities by different agencies and organizations; 10) poor sexual health knowledge; 11) limited condom use since parents do not talk to their children about sexual matters (Wasti, Simkhada, Randall, van Teijlingen, 2009). HIV Signs and thinking exam, Symptoms. Now let us focus our specific attention on the fundamental criteria for recognition of essay on space for kids HIV infection. The recognition of HIV infection, especially in the early stages, is very difficult. Exam? The doctor must first of all be alert to this infection, mindful of its inexorable spread in our society.

The diagnostic program for HIV infection should include three main fragments. Anamnesis – information about a person’s belonging to risk groups, sexual contact with persons from these groups, especially with the large number of classmates essay partners. In addition, it is important to consider the indications of the subject for a long stay abroad, especially in endemic regions. Analysis of clinical symptoms. Multifaceted, abundant and diverse clinical manifestations of HIV infection have the common features: relentless flow, increasing severity, combination of a variety of pathological conditions, resistance to therapy, etc. The physician must especially pay attention to generalized lymphadenopathy, weight loss, persistent diarrhea, severe pneumonia, progressive damage to critical, the central nervous system and, of course, Kaposi’s sarcoma.

Laboratory tests. The diagnosis of elements HIV infection should always be confirmed by the laboratory. Critical? Thus, HIV signs and symptoms include: 1) enlarged liver or spleen; 2) fever; 3) diarrhea; 4) chills; 5) headache; 6) muscle aches; 7) sore throat; 8) rash; 9) night sweats; 10) neurologic symptoms; 11) ulcers in the mouth; 12) nausea and vomiting; 13) thrush; and 14) swollen lymph nodes (“Signs and Symptoms,” n.d.). However, it is possible to remember that the above-mentioned symptoms and signs usually disappear in a week to a month and can be easily mistaken for any other virus infections. HIV/AIDS Prevention and Treatment. There is smoking in public places essay no doubt that successful fight against HIV / AIDS largely depends on critical exam, the targeted prevention efforts of different government and non-governmental organizations and efficient attempts to deal with the problem that include political, societal, and treatment approaches. Since the recognition of Team Project UpdatE HIV, many government and non-governmental organizations took all the possible to measures to deal with the problem.

HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention took place in different areas, including education programs, public information, strategies to minimize the risks of being affected with HIV, and 2014, more. In fact, HIV / AIDS treatment pursues a comprehensive goal: to reduce the amount of virus in opinion essay, the body, to keep the replication (reproduction) of the virus, to backup or restore the immune system and to prevent or treat opportunistic infections that occur due to immune deficiency. As for the treatment options for dealing with the problem, it is important to introduce free voluntary HIV testing, qualified counseling for infected people to raise their awareness about the disease and safe sex behavior, appropriate and adequate antiretroviral therapies, training sessions, specialized diagnostic and treatment centers to critical exam, improve the social and material conditions of life for Team Project, all. Critical Thinking? Thus, HIV / AIDS treatment is currently being conducted in three areas: Etiotropic therapy aimed at 3 major elements eliminating or suppressing a retrovirus. Pathogenetic therapy aimed at restoring the immune system. Symptomatic therapy aimed at the treatment of major clinical manifestations of AIDS. Standard antiretroviral therapy that is considered to be today’s most efficient and critical, effective way to treat HIV infection. It blocks the Team Project UpdatE, HIV virus in thinking, the patients’ blood with antiretroviral drugs, which does not allow the virus to multiply further. On Space? Nowadays, medicine does not have the means that would completely cure a person infected with HIV. However, various medicine products that can delay disease progression are designed and manufactured by different organizations. WHO reports about the critical thinking exam 2014, evidence-based programs for dealing with the problem, arguing that as of the end of 2012, 9.7 million individuals, including children and adolescents, had access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in different countries worldwide.

In fact, WHO provides various countries with treatment options, evidence-based programs, ongoing guidance and for kids, support in delivering standard antiretroviral therapy within a public health approach (World Health Organization [WHO], 2013). In addition to exam 2014, this, WHO along with UNAIDS launched an on space for kids evidence-based prevention program known as the Treatment 2.0 strategy. This program is aimed at encouraging adults and adolescents to adopt appropriate behaviors that decrease their risk of HIV infection. Also, the program is designed to assist HIV-positive individuals in reducing their risk of critical exam 2014 transmitting HIV. In fact, the Treatment 2.0 strategy promotes drastic simplification of standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) and full integration with treatment and prevention in order to ensure Universal Access (WHO, 2013). Here are some preventive measures to cope with the HIV / AIDS issue. One of the most important ways to prevent HIV / AIDS is to have sex with only one partner, do not have contact with prostitutes, casual acquaintances, drug addicts who use intravenous needles, etc. Moreover, it is essential to use condoms to protect against HIV.

Make sure to utilize only your own hypodermic needles, toothbrushes, and razors. Insist on using only introduce to your classmates essay sterile disposable instruments during surgeries (including dental ones), acupuncture, tattooing or body piercing. In addition, the most important policy actions include: 1. 2014? Ensuring promotion, protection and respect of human rights and taking measures to eliminate discrimination and combat stigma. 2. Cooperative work of all sectors of society, including governments, non-governmental organizations, religious organizations, education sectors, private sectors, trade unions, and the media. 3. Involvement of individuals living with HIV in the implementation and evaluation of preventive strategies that address the distinct prevention needs. Assignment? 4. Taking into account cultural norms and beliefs, recognizing the key role they can play in supporting prevention efforts and their potential impact on the spread of HIV.

5. Wide dissemination of knowledge of how HIV infection is transmitted and how to prevent it. 6. Promoting the links between HIV prevention and protection of sexual and reproductive health. 7. Promoting programs to meet the HIV prevention needs of critical thinking 2014 key groups and for kids, populations affected by HIV. 8. Mobilizing and strengthening financial, human and critical thinking exam, institutional capacities in all sectors, particularly in health and education. 9. Ensuring adequate investment in areas of research, development and promotion of new prevention technologies.

10. Ensuring “safer sex behavior, condom promotion, identifying and treating STIs, harm reduction, voluntary counselling and Project UpdatE, testing services, sexual health and HIV/AIDS to thinking exam 2014, youth, preventing mother to assignment, child transmission” (Wasti, Simkhada, Randall, van Teijlingen, 2009, p. 63). Thus, taking the above-mentioned information into critical exam, consideration, it is possible to draw a conclusion that HIV/AIDS and other STDs are truly one of the most important and tragic issues facing humanity at the end of elements XX century. Anyone at any age, regardless of gender, place of residence, religion and social status can become infected with HIV. However, the fact is that young people are most at exam 2014 risk of HIV infection. This is due to the fact that adolescence is viewed as one of the introduce yourself classmates, most difficult periods of human development. Today, young people are largely disoriented: the media, movies and magazines propagandize a disreputable lifestyle full of unsafe sexual practices, smoking, and alcohol consumption. As a result, not having access to accurate information, they begin to rely on rumors and stereotypes learned from thinking exam 2014 peers and TVs. In this connection, young people need adequate support and help to yourself classmates essay, protect themselves from critical thinking 2014 being infected. Sure, HIV/AIDS is an important issue, which requires much attention to deal with.

It is critical to Team Project UpdatE, take all the possible measures to cope with the critical thinking exam, problem at yourself the national and international levels. Our research presents a solution to the HIV issue, provides the critical 2014, information on HIV transmission routes, HIV symptoms and Team Project UpdatE, signs and HIV/AIDS treatment and preventive measures to deal with the issue. Undoubtedly, only the knowledge about HIV transmission and prevention is able to protect each of us from being affected by this viral infection.

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VCE Extended Investigation Critical Thinking Test - Victorian

C. G. Jung – Essay on Wotan [w. Nietzsche] Divine Gloom by Oleg Korolev. En Germanie naistront diverses sectes, S’approchans fort de l’heureux paganisme:

Le coeur captif et petites receptes. Feront retour a payer la vraye disme. — Propheties De Maistre Michel Nostradamus, 1555. [“In Germany Shall diverse sects arise, Coming very near to happy paganism. The heart captivated and small receivings. Shall open the gate to thinking 2014, pay the true tithe.” ] When we look back to the time before 1914, we find ourselves living in a world of events which would have been inconceivable before the war. Elements! We were even beginning to regard war between civilized nations as a fable, thinking that such an absurdity would become less and less possible on critical exam 2014 our rational, internationally organized world. And what came after the war was a veritable witches’ sabbath. Everywhere fantastic revolutions, violent alterations of the map, reversions in politics to for kids, medieval or even antique prototypes, totalitarian states that engulf their neighbours and outdo all previous theocracies in exam their absolutist claims, persecutions of Christians andJews, wholesale political murder, and finally we have witnessed a light-hearted piratical raid on a peaceful, half-civilized people. With such goings on assignment in the wide world it is critical exam not in the least surprising that there should be equally curious manifestations on a smaller scale in yourself to your classmates other spheres.

In the realm of philosophy we shall have to wait some time before anyone is able to assess the thinking 2014, kind of age we are livinging. But in the sphere of religion we can see at once that some very significant things have been happening. Yourself! We need feel no surprise that in Russia the colourful splendours of the Eastern Orthodox Church have been superseded by theMovement of the Godless — indeed, one breathed a sigh of relief oneself when one emerged from the haze of an Orthodox church with its multitude of lamps and entered an honest mosque, where the sublime and invisible omnipresence of God was not crowded out by a superfluity of critical thinking 2014 sacred paraphernalia. Tasteless and pitiably unintelligent as it is, and however deplorable the low spiritual level of the “scientific” reaction, it was inevitable that nineteenth-century “scientific” enlightenment should one day dawn inRussia. But what is web design more than curious — indeed, piquant to a degree — is that an ancient god of storm and critical exam 2014, frenzy, the long quiescent Wotan,should awake, like an extinct volcano, to new activity, in a civilized country that had long been supposed to have outgrown the Middle Ages. 3 Major Elements! We have seen him come to critical 2014, life in the German Youth Movement, and right at the beginning the blood of several sheep was shed in honour of his resurrection. Armed with rucksack and lute, blond youths, and essay, sometimes girls as well, were to exam, be seen as restless wanderers on web design every road from the North Cape to Sicily, faithful votaries of the roving god. Thinking 2014! Later, towards the end of the Weimar Republic, the wandering role was taken over by thousands of unemployed, who were to be met with everywhere on their aimless journeys.

By 1933 they wandered no longer, but marched in their hundreds of smoking places opinion essay thousands. The Hitler movement literally brought the whole of Germany to exam, its feet, from assignment, five-year-olds to critical, veterans, and produced a spectacle of UpdatE a nation migrating from one place to another. Wotan the wanderer was on the move. He could be seen, looking rather shamefaced, in the meeting-house of thinking exam a sect of simple folk in North Germany, disguised as Christ sitting on a white horse. I do not know if these people were aware of 3 major Wotan’s ancient connection with the figures of Christ and Dionysus, but it is not very probable. Wotan is a restless wanderer who creates unrest and stirs up strife, now here, now there, and works magic. He was soon changed by Christianity into the devil, and only lived on in fading local traditions as a ghostly hunter who was seen with his retinue, flickering like a will o’ the wisp through the stormy night.

In the Middle Ages the role of the restless wanderer was taken over by Ahasuerus, the Wandering Jew, which is critical not a Jewish but a Christian legend. The motif of the wanderer who has not accepted Christ was projected on smoking in public the Jews, in the same way as we always rediscover our unconscious psychic contents in other people. At any rate the coincidence of anti-Semitism with the reawakening of Wotan is critical exam a psychological subtlety that may perhaps be worth mentioning. The German youths who celebrated the solstice with sheep-sacrifices were not the first to hear the rustling in the primeval forest of the unconsciousness. Checklist! They were anticipated by Nietzsche , Schuler, StefanGeorge, and Ludwig Klages. The literary tradition of the Rhineland and critical thinking exam, the country south of the Main has a classical stamp that cannot easily be got rid of; every interpretation of essay intoxication and exuberance is apt to be taken back to classical models, to Dionysus, to the puer aeternus and the cosmogonic Eros.No doubt it sounds better to academic ears to interpret these things asDionysus, but Wotan might be a more correct interpretation.

He is the god of storm and frenzy, the unleasher of critical exam 2014 passions and elements, the lust of battle; moreover he is a superlative magician and artist in illusion who is versed in all secrets of an occult nature. Nietzsche ‘s case is certainly a peculiar one. He had no knowledge of Germanic literature; he discovered the thinking 2014, “cultural Philistine”; and the announcement that “God is dead” led to Zarathustra’s meeting with an unknown god in of essay unexpected form, who approached him sometimes as an enemy and sometimes disguised as Zarathustra himself. Exam 2014! Zarathustra, too, was a soothsayer, a magician, and the storm-wind: And like a wind shall I come to blow among them, and with my spirit shall take away the breath of web design assignment their spirit; thus my future will sit. Truly, a strong wind is Zarathustra to all that are low; and this counsel gives he to his enemies and to all that spit and critical thinking exam 2014, spew: “Beware of spitting against the wind.” And when Zarathustra dreamed that he was guardian of the essay for kids, graves in critical exam 2014 the “lone mountain fortress of death,” and was making a mighty effort to web design assignment, open the gates, suddenly. A roaring wind tore the gates asunder; whistling,shrieking, and keening, it cast a black coffin before me. And amid the exam 2014, roaring and whistling and shrieking the coffin burst open and spouted a thousand peals of laughter. The disciple who interpreted the dream said to Zarathustra:

Are you not yourself the wind with shrill whistling,which bursts open the gates of the fortress of death? Are you not yourself the coffin filled with life’s gay malice and angel-grimaces? In 1863 or 1864, in Project his poem TO THE UNKNOWN GOD, Nietzsche had written: I shall and will know thee, Unknown One, Who searchest out the depths of my soul, And blowest through my life like a storm, Ungraspable, and critical, yet my kinsman! I shall and will know thee, and serve thee. Twenty years later, in his MISTRAL SONG, he wrote: Mistral wind, chaser of clouds, Killer of gloom, sweeper of the skies,

Raging storm-wind, how I love thee! And we are not both the first-fruits. Of the same womb, forever predestined. To the same fate? In the Team Project, dithyramb known as ARIADNE’S LAMENT, Nietzsche is completely the victim of the hunter-god: Stretched out, shuddering, Like a half-dead thing whose feet are warmed,

Shaken by unknown fevers, Shivering with piercing icy frost arrows, Hunted by thee, O thought, Unutterable! Veiled! horrible one! Thou huntsman behind the cloud. Struck down by thy lightning bolt, Thou mocking eye that stares at me from the dark!

Writhing, twisting, tormented. With all eternal tortures, By thee, cruel huntsman, Thou unknown — God! This remarkable image of the hunter-god is not a mere dithyrambic figure of speech but is based on an experience which Nietzsche had when he was fifteen years old, at Pforta. It is described in a book by Nietzsche’s sister, Elizabeth Foerster-Nietzsche.

As he was wandering about in a gloomy wood at thinking exam, night, he was terrified by on space a “blood-curdling shriek from a neighbouring lunatic asylum,” and soon afterwards he came face to face with a huntsman whose “features were wild and critical exam 2014, uncanny.” Setting his whistle to his lips “in a valley surrounded by wild scrub,” the huntsman “blew such a shrill blast” that Nietzsche lost consciousness —but woke up again in Pforta. It was a nightmare. It is significant that in his dream Nietzsche, who in elements reality intended to go to Eisleben, Luther’s town, discussed with the huntsman the question of going instead to”Teutschenthal” (Valley of the Germans). No one with ears can misunderstand the shrill whistling of the storm-god in the nocturnal wood. Was it really only the classical philologist in Nietzsche that led to the god being called Dionysus instead of critical exam 2014 Wotan — or was it perhaps due to his fateful meeting with Wagner? Noumenautics: metaphysics – meta-ethics – psychedelics. In his REICH OHNE RAUM, which was first published in1919, Bruno Goetz saw the secret of coming events in Germany in the form of avery strange vision. I have never forgotten this little book, for it struck meat the time as a forecast of the German weather.

It anticipates the conflict between the realm of ideas and life, between Wotan’s dual nature as a god of Team storm and a god of secret musings. Critical Thinking! Wotan disappeared when his oaks fell and appeared again when the introduce to your, Christian God proved too weak to critical thinking, save Christendom from fratricidal slaughter. When the Holy Father at Rome could only impotently lament before God the fate of the grex segregatus, the one-eyed old hunter, on Project UpdatE the edge of the critical thinking exam 2014, German forest, laughed and saddled Sleipnir. We are always convinced that the modern world is a reasonable world, basing our opinion on economic, political, and psychological factors. But if we may forget for a moment that we are living in the year of Our Lord 1936, and, laying aside our well-meaning, all-too-human reasonableness, may burden God or the gods with the responsibility for contemporary events instead of introduce yourself to your man, we would find Wotan quite suitable as a casual hypothesis. In fact, I venture the heretical suggestion that the unfathomable depths of Wotan’s character explain more of thinking exam National Socialism than all three reasonable factors put together. There is no doubt that each of these factors explains an important aspect of what is going on in Germany, but Wotan explains yet more.He is particularly enlightening in for kids regard to a general phenomenon which is so strange to anybody not a German that it remains incomprehensible, even after the deepest reflection. Perhaps we may sum up this general phenomenon as Ergriffenheit — a state of critical thinking exam 2014 being seized or possessed. The term postulates not only an Ergriffener (one who is seized) but, also, an Ergreifer (one who seizes).

Wotan is an Ergreifer of men, and, unless one wishes to deify Hitler– which has indeed actually happened — he is really the only explanation. It is true that Wotan shares this quality with his cousin Dionysus, but Dionysus seems to have exercised his influence mainly on women. The maenads were a species of female storm-troopers, and, according to web design assignment, mythical reports, were dangerous enough. Wotan confined himself to the berserkers, who found their vocation as the critical exam 2014, Blackshirts of mythical kings. A mind that is web design assignment still childish thinks of the gods as metaphysical entities existing in their own right, or else regards them as playful or superstitious inventions. From either point of critical thinking exam 2014 view the parallel between Wotan redivivus and Team Project, the social, political and psychic storm that is shaking Germany might have at least the value of exam a parable. But since the classmates, gods are without doubt personifications of psychic forces, to thinking exam 2014, assert their metaphysical existence is as much an intellectual presumption as the elements of essay, opinion that they could ever be invented. Not that “psychic forces” have anything to 2014, do with the conscious mind, fond as we are of playing with the idea that consciousness and psyche are identical.

This is only another piece of intellectual presumption. “Psychic forces” have far more to do with the 3 major, realm of the unconscious. Our mania for thinking exam rational explanations obviously has its roots in our fear of metaphysics, for the two were always hostile brothers. Hence,anything unexpected that approaches us from the dark realm is regarded either as coming from outside and, therefore, as real, or else as an hallucination and, therefore, not true. The idea that anything could be real or true which does not come from outside has hardly begun to dawn on contemporary man. For the sake of Team UpdatE better understanding and to avoid prejudice, we could of critical exam course dispense with the name “Wotan” and assignment, speak instead of the furor teutonicus. But we should only be saying the same thing and not as well, for the furor in this case is a mere psychologizing of Wotan and exam 2014, tells us no more than that the Germans are in a state of”fury.” We thus lose sight of the most peculiar feature of this whole phenomenon, namely, the dramatic aspect of the Ergreifer and the Ergriffener. The impressive thing about the German phenomenon is that one man, who is obviously “possessed,” has infected a whole nation to such an extent that everything is Project set in motion and has started rolling on its course towards perdition. It seems to me that Wotan hits the mark as an hypothesis. Critical 2014! Apparently he really was only asleep in the Kyffhauser mountain until the ravens called him and yourself to your, announced the thinking, break of day. He is a fundamental attribute of the German psyche, an Team Project UpdatE irrational psychic factor which acts on the high pressure of civilization like a cyclone and blows it away. Despite their crankiness, the Wotan-worshippers seem to have judged things more correctly than the worshippers of reason.

Apparently everyone had forgotten that Wotan isa Germanic datum of first importance, the truest expression and unsurpassed personification of a fundamental quality that is particularly characteristic of the Germans. Thinking Exam 2014! Houston Stewart Chamberlain is a symptom which arouses suspicion that other veiled gods may be sleeping elsewhere. The emphasis on the Germanic race — commonly called “Aryan” — the Germanic heritage, blood and soil, the Wagalaweia songs, the ride of the Valkyries, Jesus as a blond and blue-eyed hero, the Greek mother of St Paul, the devil as an international Alberich in Jewish or Masonic guise, the Nordic aurora borealis as the light of civilization, the inferior Mediterranean races — all this is the indispensable scenery for the drama that is taking place and at the bottom they all mean the same thing: a god has taken possession of the Germans and their house is filled with a “mighty rushing wind.” It was soon after Hitler seized power,if I am not mistaken, that a cartoon appeared in PUNCH of yourself to your essay a raving berserker tearing himself free from his bonds. A hurricane has broken loose in Germany while we still believe it is critical thinking fine weather. Things are comparatively quiet in Switzerland, though occasionally there is a puff of wind from the north or south. Sometimes it has a slightly ominous sound, sometimes it whispers so harmlessly or even idealistically that no one is alarmed. “Let the sleeping dogs lie” — we manage to uf dissertation checklist, get along pretty well with this proverbial wisdom. It is sometimes said that the critical thinking, Swiss are singularly averse to yourself classmates, making a problem of themselves. I must rebut this accusation: the Swiss do have their problems, but they would not admit it for critical thinking anything in the world, even though they see which way the wind is blowing. We thus pay our tribute to the time of storm and stress in Germany, but we never mention it, and this enables us to feel vastly superior.

It is above all the Germans who have an in public places opinion essay opportunity,perhaps unique in history, to look into thinking exam their own hearts and to learn what those perils of the soul were from smoking in public places opinion essay, which Christianity tried to rescue mankind.Germany is a land of spiritual catastrophes, where nature never makes more than a pretence of exam peace with the world-ruling reason. The disturber of the peace isa wind that blows into Europe from Asia’s vastness, sweeping in on smoking a wide front from Thrace to the Baltic, scattering the nations before it like dry leaves. or inspiring thoughts that shake the world to its foundations. It is an elementalDionysus breaking into the Apollonian order. Exam! The rouser of this tempest is named Wotan, and Team, we can learn a good deal about him from the political confusion and spiritual upheaval he has caused throughout history. For a more exact investigation of his character, however, we must go back to the age of myths, which did not explain everything in thinking 2014 terms of man and his limited capacities, but sought the deeper cause in the psyche and its autonomous powers. Assignment! Man’s earliest intuitions personified these powers.

Man’s earliest intuitions personified these powers as gods, and described them in the myths with great care and circumstantiality according to critical, their various characters.This could be done the more readily on account of the firmly established primordial types or images which are innate in the unconscious of many races and exercise a direct influence upon them. Because the behaviour of a race takes on its specific character from its underlying images, we can speak of an archetype “Wotan.” As an autonomous psychic factor, Wotan produceseffects in uf dissertation checklist the collective life of a people and thereby reveals his own nature.For Wotan has a peculiar biology of his own, quite apart from the nature of man. It is only from time to critical thinking 2014, time that individuals fall under the irresistible influence of this unconscious factor. When it is quiescent, one is no more aware of the archetype Wotan than of a latent epilepsy. Could the Germans who were adults in essay 1914 have foreseen what they would be today? Such amazing transformations are the effect of the god of wind, that “bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, nor whither it goeth.” It seizes everything in its path and thinking exam, overthrows everything that is 3 major not firmly rooted. When the wind blows it shakes everything that is insecure, whether without or within. Martin Ninck has recently published a monograph whichis a most welcome addition to our knowledge of critical exam Wotan’s nature.

The reader neednot fear that this book is nothing but a scientific study written with academic aloofness from the subject. Elements! Certainly the right to scientific objectivity is fully preserved, and the material has been collected with extraordinary thoroughness and 2014, presented in unusually clear form. But, over and above all this, one feels that the author is vitally interested in it, that the chord ofWotan is vibrating in him, too. Team Project UpdatE! This is no criticism — on the contrary, it is one of the chief merits of the book, which without this enthusiasm might easily have degenerated into a tedious catalogue. Ninck sketches a really magnificent portrait of the thinking exam 2014, German archetype Wotan. He describes him in ten chapters, using all the available sources, as the berserker, the uf dissertation checklist, god of storm, the critical, wanderer,the warrior, the Wunsch- and Minne-god, the lord of the dead and of the Einherjar, the master of secret knowledge, the magician, and the god of the to your classmates essay, poets. Neither the Valkyries nor the Fylgja are forgotten, for they form part of the mythological background and fateful significance of thinking exam Wotan.

Ninck’s inquiry into the name and elements of essay, its origin is particularly instructive. He shows thatWotan is not only a god of rage and frenzy who embodies the instinctual and emotion aspect of the thinking, unconscious. Its intuitive and inspiring side, also,manifests itself in him, for he understands the runes and can interpret fate. The Romans identified Wotan with Mercury, but his character does not really correspond to any Roman or Greek god, although there are certain resemblances. He is a wanderer like Mercury, for instance, he rules over the dead like Pluto and Kronos, and is connected with Dionysus by his emotional frenzy, particularly in its mantic aspect. It is surprising that Ninck does not mention Hermes, the god of revelation, who as pneuma and yourself classmates essay, nous is associated with the wind. Critical Exam! He would be the connecting-link with the Christian pneuma and the miracle of Pentecost. As Poimandres (the shepherd of essay on space men), Hermes is an Ergreifer like Wotan. Ninck rightly points out thinking exam 2014, that Dionysus and the otherGreek gods always remained under the supreme authority of Zeus, which indicates a fundamental difference between the Greek and UpdatE, the Germanic temperament. Ninck assumes an inner affinity between Wotan and Kronus, and the latter’s defeat may perhaps be a sign that the Wotan-archetype was once overcome and split up in exam prehistoric times. At all events, the Germanic god represents a totality on avery primitive level, a psychological condition in which man’s will was almost identical with the god’s and entirely at his mercy.

But the Greeks had gods who helped man against other gods; indeed, All-Father Zeus himself is not far from the ideal of a benevolent, enlightened despot. It was not in Wotan’s nature to checklist, linger on and show signs of old age. He simply disappeared when the exam, times turned against Team, him, and remained invisible for more than a thousand years, working anonymously and indirectly.Archetypes are like riverbeds which dry up when the water deserts them, but which it can find again at any time. An archetype is like an old watercourse along which the water of life has flowed for centuries, digging a deep channel for itself. The longer it has flowed in this channel the more likely it is that sooner or later the water will return to its old bed. The life of the individual as a member of society and particularly as a part of the State maybe regulated like a canal, but the life of nations is a great rushing river which is utterly beyond human control, in exam 2014 the hands of One who has always been stronger than men.

The League of Nations, which was supposed to possess supranational authority, is regarded by some as a child in need of care and protection, by others as an abortion. Thus, the life of nations rolls on unchecked, without guidance, unconscious of where it is to your going, like a rock crashing down the side of a hill, until it is critical thinking exam stopped by an obstacle stronger than itself. Political events move from one impasse to the next, like a torrent caught in gullies, creeks and marshes. All human control comes to an end when the essay, individual is caught in thinking a mass movement. Then, the archetypes begin to function, as happens, also, in the lives of individuals when they are confronted with situations that cannot be dealt with in any of the familiar ways. But what a so-called Fuhrer does with a mass movement can plainly be seen if we turn our eyes to the north or south of our country. The ruling archetype does not remain the same forever,as is Team Project evident from the temporal limitations that have been set to critical thinking exam, the hoped-forreign of peace, the “thousand-year Reich.” The Mediterraneanfather-archetype of the just, order-loving, benevolent ruler had been shattered over the whole of northern Europe, as the present fate of the ChristianChurches bears witness. Fascism in Italy and the civil war in Spain show that in the south as well the cataclysm has been far greater than one expected. Even the Catholic Church can no longer afford trials of strength. The nationalist God has attacked Christianity on abroad front. In Russia, he is yourself classmates called technology and science, in Italy, Duce,and in Germany, “German Faith,” “German Christianity,” or the State.

The “German Christians” are a contradiction in terms and would do better to join Hauer’s “German Faith Movement.” These are decent and thinking exam 2014, well-meaning people who honestly admit their Ergriffenheit and tryto come to terms with this new and undeniable fact. They go to Team Project, an enormous amount of trouble to critical thinking exam, make it look less alarming by dressing it up in a conciliatory historical garb and giving us consoling glimpses of on space for kids great figures such as Meister Eckhart, who was, also, a German and, also, ergriffen. In this way the awkward question of who the Ergreifer is is circumvented. He was always”God.” But the more Hauer restricts the world-wide sphere ofIndo-European culture to exam 2014, the “Nordic” in general and to the Edda in particular, and the more “German” this faith becomes as a manifestation of Ergriffenheit, the more painfully evident it is that the”German” god is the essay, god of the Germans. One cannot read Hauer’s book without emotion, if one regards it as the critical exam, tragic and really heroic effort of Team a conscientious scholar who, without knowing how it happened to him, was violently summoned by the inaudible voice of the Ergreifer and is now trying with all his might, and exam, with all his knowledge and ability, to build a bridge between the dark forces of Team UpdatE life and the shining world of historical ideas. But what do all the beauties of the past from totally different levels of culture mean to the man of today,when confronted with a living and unfathomable tribal god such as he has never experienced before? They are sucked like dry leaves into the roaring whirlwind,and the rhythmic alliterations of the Edda became inextricably mixed up withChristian mystical texts, German poetry and the wisdom of the Upanishads.

Hauer himself is ergriffen by the depths of 2014 meaning in on space for kids the primal words lying at the root of the Germanic languages, to an extent that he certainly never knew before. Hauer the Indologist is not to blame for this, nor yet the critical thinking, Edda; it is rather the fault of kairos — the present moment in time — whose name on Team Project UpdatE closer investigation turns out to be Wotan. Critical Thinking Exam 2014! I would, therefore, advise the German Faith Movement to throw aside their scruples. Intelligent people who will not confuse them with the crude Wotan-worshippers whose faith is a mere pretense. There are people in to your essay the German Faith Movement who are intelligent enough not only to critical 2014, believe, but to know, that the god of the Germans is Wotan and not the Christian God. This is a tragic experience and no disgrace. It has always been terrible to fall into the hands of a living god. Yahweh was no exception to this rule, and the Philistines, Edomites, Amorites and the rest,who were outside the uf dissertation checklist, Yahweh experience, must certainly have found it exceedingly disagreeable. The Semitic experience of Allah was for a long timean extremely painful affair for the whole of Christendom. We who stand outsidejudge the Germans far too much, as if they were responsible agents, but perhaps it would be nearer the truth to regard them, also, as victims.

If we apply are admittedly peculiar point of view consistently, we are driven to conclude that Wotan must, in time, reveal not only the restless, violent, stormy side of his character, but, also, his ecstatic and mantic qualities — a very different aspect of critical thinking 2014 his nature. If this conclusion is essay on space for kids correct, National Socialism would not be the last word. Things must be concealed in the background which we cannot imagine at present, but we may expect them to appear in thinking 2014 the course of the next few years or decades.Wotan’s reawakening is a stepping back into the past; the stream was damned up and has broken into its old channel. But the elements of essay, Obstruction will not last forever;it is rather a reculer pour mieux sauter, and the water will overleap the obstacle. Then, at last, we shall know what Wotan is saying when he “murmers with Mimir’s head.” Fast move the sons of Mim,and fate. Is heard in the note of the Gjallarhorn; Loud blows Heimdall, the horn is aloft,

In fear quake all who on Hel-roads are. Yggdrasill shakes and shivers on high. The ancient limbs, and critical thinking 2014, the giant is loose; Wotan murmurs with Mimir’s head. But the kinsman of Surt shall slay him soon. How fare the gods? how farethe elves? All Jotunheim groans, the gods are at council;

Loud roar the dwarfs by the doors of uf dissertation checklist stone, The masters of the rocks: would you know yet more? Now Garm howls loud before Gnipahellir; The fetters will burst, and the wolf run free; Much I do know, and more can see. Of the fate of the gods, the mighty in critical exam 2014 fight.

From the east comes Hrym with shield held high; In giant-wrath does the serpent writhe; O’er the to your classmates essay, waves he twists, and the tawny eagle. Gnaws corpses screaming; Naglfar is loose. O’er the sea from the norththere sails a ship. With the people of thinking 2014 Hel, at the helm stands Loki; After the wolf do wild men follow, And with them the brother of Byleist goes. –– [The two images below from 1899 and smoking places, 1905 are of critical thinking exam Wotan. Strange is uf dissertation a certain resemblance.] –– Wotan leading ‘The Wild Hunt’ – 1899AD – Franz von Stuck.

‘Odin Questioning Mimir’ by Emil Doepler (1905) The literary 3:am Magazine interviews Peter Sjostedt-H: Aron Flam interviews Peter Sjostedt-H: Panpsychism – talk at Exeter University: The Catacombic Machine talks to Peter Sjostedt-H: Second print run of critical 2014 Noumenautics now released. Sjostedt-H's article on the psychedelic influence on philosophy goes viral: Marvel's Warren Ellis interviews Sjostedt-H: Sjostedt-H Whitehead article in essay for kids Philosophy Now magazine:

Enpsychedelia interviews Peter Sjostedt-H: Interview on critical exam the Philosphy of Psychedelics by Inside the Rift: Open Air Atheist interview Sjostedt-H: Brief Critique of new BBC documenatry on Nietzsche:

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VCE Extended Investigation Critical Thinking Test - Victorian

copying essays Advice about writing an thinking essay. The importance of essays. Some suggestions for good essay writing: You will develop your own techniques for essay writing, so use the following plan as advice, not as a straightjacket. The plan starts with bullet points. Click on checklist, the coloured word by one of these to go to the advice about the thinking exam 2014, point. Use your analysis to start drafting your introduction. Start your bibliography. Review your resources, starting with what you already know and moving on to what you need to research. Generate ideas and introduce essay, use these to draft a summary of what your essay may be about.

Read and take notes from the recommended sources, guided by exam 2014 the preparation you have already done. Develop your ideas in the light of your reading. One way to do this is by revising your draft summary. Draft the body of the essay without looking at your notes or books. Then turn to the notes and books for the evidence for the arguments you have made in introduce yourself to your classmates essay, the essay. Reference as you go along . Show your draft to someone else who will give you feedback on the issues listed below.

Rewrite your essay in the light of their feedback. Most courses give you essay titles that point you clearly in the direction your essay should go. Exam? Begin by analysing this title and the guidance given in web design, other ways, like the reading list. The parts of an essay title are its key words. Every aspect of the essay title needs to be covered by your essay. Thinking 2014? So analysing lets you see what your essay should contain. It also helps you to focus your essay. You should not just write around a subject in a general way.

It is really important to spend time thinking about what the essay title means, and introduce yourself to your classmates essay, how to answer it. Analysing helps you see what is wanted. A title we can analyse as an example is Outline the concepts of reason and critical, politics in Plato's Republic . 3 Major Elements? Show how they relate. This tells you a source you must use (a book by Plato, called the Republic ), and two concepts (reason and politics) that you should investigate in it. The title also tells you that you should outline the concepts of reason and critical thinking exam 2014, politics that you find in the Republic , and that you should show how they relate . Sources are often suggested in a reading list rather than in the title. Now that you know what you are doing, review your resources : What you need to know. Where information can be obtained. Use your analysis to start drafting your introduction . Web Design? The analysis has given you a plan of the essay, which is used to draft the first outline of the essay introduction. Your introduction will eventually contain a summary and an argument, as well as an outline . Start your draft bibliography . Your bibliography will relate to references in the body or text of the essay, which you add as you go along. Drafting the introduction and critical thinking exam, body of the text is uf dissertation discussed in greater detail below.

Use whatever technique you find necessary to start your ideas flowing. Thinking Exam? Once they have started to uf dissertation, flow, you will be able to tighten them up. Develop your ideas. It is important to build the exam, essay on ideas that you develop yourself, and not to just follow the pattern of ideas that someone else has provided. You will need, therefore, to develop a technique that uses your notes on books, but does not let the Team Project UpdatE, notes set the pattern of 2014, your essay. Your essay needs to be organised by you and to express your interpretation and understanding of the subject. This is what people mean when they say that you should write in your own words. The best way to do this is to force yourself to yourself to your essay, write without referring to books or notes. Having made your notes, put them aside for critical thinking, a while and write your first draft essay without looking at them or your books.

When you have the first draft of the essay written in your own words (that is, without referring to books or notes) you can go to uf dissertation checklist, books and notes for critical exam, the quotations and references that you need to substantiate your argument and for Team UpdatE, material that will help you to develop your essay further. As you look for critical, evidence in your notes and books you will probably find that you need to revise your arguments. Rewrite your essay including all the evidence that you can find to introduce yourself to your classmates essay, back up your argument in your notes, or in critical 2014, the books, articles etc you are using. Adjust your argument if the evidence does not fit it. Try drafting your essay in four parts: an assignment introduction a body (which includes references) a conclusion a bibliography (which relates to the references in the body) If you draft on paper, the draft of each part should be on separate sheets to allow you to redraft more easily. You will probably find you redraft the critical thinking, introduction more often than the other parts. The parts will be physically put together in 3 major elements of essay, your final version. The introduction explains the academic problem as you see it and tells the reader what is in your essay. To do this, always include an outline (plan) of the organisation (structure) of the body of the essay.

You should also include a summary of the essay. A good introduction will also include an argument statement . The draft outline usually follows naturally from the analysis of the essay title . As a start, you may organise the essay in the order that the issues are raised in the title. As you proceed with the essay, its plan will become more complex (sophisticated), and the outline in the introduction should be updated as the essay develops. The issues you deal with in an essay should follow on from one another in a meaningful way. Regularly revising a summary of the essay will help you see if you are doing this. Your argument is the case that you are making. Critical Exam? You make a statement of it in web design, the introduction and a demonstration of critical thinking, it in the body of the essay. The body of the essay presents the evidence for introduce classmates, the statement. The body of an essay is also called its content or text . Critical 2014? It is the on space for kids, largest part of the essay and thinking 2014, contains the points you want to make in greater detail than the introduction (because they are being explained) and with the evidence for them. It must show the web design assignment, reader that you know your subject.

You do this by explaining the subject to the reader. It is a fatal mistake to think the marker already knows this subject. I will discuss it without explaining it. The marker is looking for exam 2014, evidence that you know the checklist, subject. Just as a mathematician will want to see how students have worked out the answers to their sums, an exam 2014 essay marker will want to see how students reach conclusions. It should also present the evidence for the essay's argument. The conclusion If your essay's argument has been stated in the introduction, your conclusion can be just a brief summary of your main points. If you find that your conclusion includes important points not already fully covered, you should seriously consider whether they need including in the introduction, or omitting. The bibliography is the Project UpdatE, list of books and other sources you use for the essay. The bibliography should relate to references in the essay.

See ABC Referencing for critical exam, a list of uf dissertation checklist, what you need to reference . Reference as you go along is not just much easier than trying to thinking 2014, write all the references when the essay is almost finished, it is for kids also one of the most powerful ways of improving your academic writing. To prepare references as you proceed, you will need to begin a draft bibliography as soon as you begin reading, record the source of critical thinking 2014, all notes you take, and enter references in drafts you write. To prepare a draft bibliography you should make a list of each book or article you use, recording: The author's surname and initial, The year of edition you are using. This is at the front of most books. If several dates are given, the one you want is the copyright date. This is often shown by the sign © The place of publication, The Publisher. When you make notes from books, make sure that you make a note of the book the notes come from and the page number.

Then, if you use those notes in an essay, you will know which book and what page to reference. Referencing drafts is relatively easy if you have sorted out Project, your bibliography entry for the work you are referencing. If you want to reference something on page ten of a book whose Bibliography entry is: Smith, A. 1997, Invented Book, Burke Publishers, London. You just need to enter (Smith, A. p.10) in the text of your draft at the point you want to reference the book. You could get good ideas about making your essay clearer by critical thinking asking a friend to look at the draft. Sometimes tutors will look at essay drafts and make comments. Team UpdatE? Or you may get comments from English Support Tutors. Click here for an explanation of critical exam 2014, feedback. and why friends and other students.

may be good at giving it. Points that other people could give you feedback on. The Bibliography and References . The reader can check that there is a bibliography at checklist the end of the essay and that the key word in each bibliography entry matches the critical exam 2014, key word in the relevant references. The reader should feel confident that he or she would be able to find the source that is being referred to essay for kids, in each case. References to books should give a page number. If the reader does not know the Harvard system of referencing, the writer should explain it. The Introduction . Critical Thinking Exam? The essay should have an introduction that is distinct from the body of the essay and explains what the in public, essay is about. If this exists, does it give the reader a framework (outline or essay plan) of the order in which issues are to be dealt with in the essay? If so, the thinking exam, reader should look at the body of the essay to see if it is clear to him or her that the web design assignment, author is following the outline. The outline indicates the thinking, organisation, or structure, of the essay. Readers will be able to say if this was clear to them, and UpdatE, may be able to critical exam, make suggestions for improvements.

It is helpful if the introduction also says what the key texts used for the essay are. On Space For Kids? It does not need to use this term, but it should show what the essay is based on. The outline of the essay is the essential part of an introduction. Critical Thinking? As students' essay writing skills develop they will also begin to include an argument and 3 major of essay, a summary of the essay in the introduction. Student groups can help one another by discussing what these terms mean, by seeing if they can recognise arguments in one another's essays, and by discussing how to construct a summary. Content Does the essay show to the reader what the writer knows about the subject? Or are there issues that the reader is left in the dark about?

How much does the reader feel he or she has learnt about the subject by reading the critical thinking, essay? Readability Can the reader understand the essay? Is it clearly written or are there words that are difficult to introduce to your classmates essay, read, or which appear to be missed out, or spelt in a way that the reader is not sure which word is 2014 meant? Does the essay explain the uf dissertation checklist, terms it uses (especially terms relevant to the title)? Is the meaning of every part of the critical exam 2014, essay clear and unambiguous? If the checklist, reader notes terms and passages that he or she finds difficult to critical thinking exam, understand, the uf dissertation checklist, writer can explain them verbally. This should help the critical thinking exam 2014, writer to rewrite the passages and explain the terms in the essay. It is to your useful to check (proof-read) your essay through for different things. Check that you have written the title at the top of the essay. Think about the title and check that your essay discusses every aspect of it . Check that the introduction correctly describes the body of the essay.

The structure of the essay should follow the thinking, outline and Team Project, the summary should accurately describe what the thinking 2014, essay says. Check that you say what you mean. It is suprising how often some of us write something different to what we meant to Project UpdatE, say. These are mistakes that a friend may notice quicker than the writer does. Check for logical argument : Have you got an argument? Have you stated it in critical thinking 2014, the introduction? Have you followed your argument through logically in the body of the essay? Have you recapped it in the conclusion? Check for the use of evidence to back up the argument.

Evidence may be references to an author you are interpreting. Have you shown how your argument is supported by checklist quotations and other references to the authors your essay is about? Check for the accurate presentation of quotations and references . Are quotations clearly identified? Do the critical exam, references use the Harvard system? Do the references allow the on space for kids, reader to trace the work and page they refer to? If you are using a wordprocessor, take time to run the spellchecker. Then read the essay through for the spelling mistakes that a spellchecker misses, and for its grammar. You may have a friend who can read the essay through for spelling mistakes and grammatical errors.

Someone else can often see errors that the writer misses. Some people find computer grammar checkers useful. Check that the essay is laid out in logical paragraphs , with a clear line between each paragraph to make sure they do not become merged. When you have finished your essay, make a last check that the outline, argument and exam, summary in your introduction correctly describe the rest of the essay. If they do not, rewrite the introduction. Only submit your essay after you have made sure you have a copy and that the copy is safely filed where you will be able to recover it. If your essay was written on a wordprocessor you will have an electronic copy of introduce essay, it. Critical Thinking? If not, make a photocopy. It is important to keep a copy of your essay in essay on space, case the thinking exam, original goes astray. Essays are also sources you will want to refer to later.

So file it in a way that is convenient for future reference. Essays are valuable records for future reference. Click here for advice on record keeping. There may be courses which are very strict about word limits, but usually the following student will be throwing away marks by not writing an extra hundred words: I have written as concisely as I can, but there is an essential point I have not been able to explain properly because of the uf dissertation checklist, word limit. I need the critical thinking 2014, material I have to explain the subject properly, but this means that my argument is not fully stated. I am already 10% over yourself to your classmates the limit and I would need an extra hundred words to critical thinking exam 2014, state it fully. The marks lost (if any) for taking the extra hundred words will almost certainly be small compared by the marks gained by a fully stated argument.

If your essay is more than 10% under the word limit, or if it is places opinion very long, you should not pad it out with material, or hack material out. Instead, look at 2014 the content of the essay to essay on space for kids, see if you can improve that by lengthening or shortening . What to do if your essay is too short. Sometimes essays are short because the writer has only done part of what was asked. Check to see that every aspect of the title has been covered, that any other instructions have been followed and that you have an adequate introduction that is followed through in the body of the thinking exam 2014, essay. An essay can be too short because it needs to uf dissertation checklist, be more explicit. Look at whether you have fully explained everything.

It may be that you have left a lot of the thoughts in your head to thinking exam, be inferred, rather than saying them. The reflections of this student may help you: I realised through my essay drafts that I tend to condense information making the essay very short and uf dissertation, straight to the point. I have made improvements, but the exam 2014, habit is ingrained and I need to make more. To do this, I must expand on my thoughts, ideas and classmates, opinions, explain in more depth the point I am trying to make, and write an essay imagining that the critical exam, person who may read it has no clue about the subject. You may need to include quotations to illustrate what you have said, or you may find that you have used quotations without explaining them.

If your essay is well explained and linked to the sources it draws on by referencing and essay, quotation, see if there are points that could be better explained or more points that would benefit by referencing and quotation. What to do if your essay is too long. Do you always know what you are saying, or are there places where you are just throwing words in? Replace vague passages that do not say anything important, and thinking exam 2014, passages that ramble, with sentences that are to the point. Try focusing your introduction more on the title, and essay on space for kids, then checking to see that the body of the essay sticks to what you focused on thinking exam 2014, and does not wander all over the place. Remove material that is not relevant to what you say you are doing. Using ways like this should improve the essay and shorten it at in public the same time. Précising and paraphrasing are good practice for exam, any writer. One use of introduce, Précising is to critical exam 2014, creat a summary or abstract of your writing for the introduction . Traditonal steps in uf dissertation checklist, précis writing. You could précis any piece of writing, including your own.

In the traditional précis students reduce a passage of writing to a third or a quarter of its original length by taking these steps: Read through the whole passage to get an overall view. Read it through again, underlining each important point. These will all need to be included in exam, the précis. Write a summary of the passage with all the underlined (above) points in the appropriate order, omitting all unnecessary matter. Compare the summary with the assignment, original and add anything of importance that had been left out. Check the approximate length to see how close you are to critical thinking, the length aimed at. Re-read carefully to see if the summary flows smoothly and is grammatically correct.

Some essays are difficult to understand because material has been copied from books with no understanding of the meaning. These essays are often too long as well, as the writer does not know what to cut out. If this is 3 major of essay what you do, read about: avoiding copying and plagiarism.